Referierte Publikationen

2010

B. Döbrich, and H. Gies
Axion-like-particle search with high-intensity lasers
J. High Energ. Phys., 10 :22 (October 2010)
Abstract:
We study ALP-photon-conversion within strong inhomogeneous electromagnetic fields as provided by contemporary high-intensity laser systems. We observe that probe photons traversing the focal spot of a superposition of Gaussian beams of a single high-intensity laser at fundamental and frequency-doubled mode can experience a frequency shift due to their intermittent propagation as axion-like-particles. This process is strongly peaked for resonant masses on the order of the involved laser frequencies. Purely laser-based experiments in optical setups are sensitive to ALPs in the eV mass range and can thus complement ALP searches at dipole magnets.
D. N. Schimpf, J. Limpert, and A. Tünnermann
Optimization of high performance ultrafast fiber laser systems to > 10 GW peak power
J. Opt. Soc. Am. B, 27 :2051 (October 2010)
Abstract:
We show that the peak powers of ytterbium-doped fiber chirped pulse amplification (CPA) can be scaled by at least 1 order of magnitude (in the transform limit) as compared to current systems by using a different spectral region of operation. A simple and fast model for saturated broadband fiber CPA systems is developed and applied to study the impact of the interplay between the spectrally dependent small signal gain and the saturation on the output bandwidth. The influence of self-phase modulation on the recompression of the pulse is discussed. It can be shown that the novel operation regime exhibits superior performance even if nonlinear effects are considered. The numerical results are significant for the design of the next generation of ultrafast high power fiber lasers.
I. I. Tupitsyn, Y. S. Kozhedub, V. M. Shabaev, G. B. Deyneka, S. Hagmann, C. Kozhuharov, G. Plunien, and T. Stöhlker
Relativistic calculations of the charge-transfer probabilities and cross sections for low-energy collisions of H-like ions with bare nuclei
Phys. Rev. A, 82 :042701 (October 2010)
Abstract:
A method for solving the time-dependent two-center Dirac equation is developed. The time-dependent Dirac wave function is represented as a sum of atomiclike Dirac-Sturm orbitals, localized at the ions. The atomic orbitals are generated by solving numerically the one-center Dirac and Dirac-Sturm equations by means of a finite-difference approach with the Coulomb potential taken as the sum of the exact reference-nucleus potential and of the other nucleus within the monopole approximation. An original procedure for calculating the two-center integrals with these orbitals is proposed. As a first test of the approach developed here, calculations of the charge-transfer and ionization cross sections for the H(1s)-proton collisions at proton energies from 1 to 100 keV are performed. The obtained results are compared with related experimental and other theoretical data. To investigate the role of the relativistic effects, the charge-transfer cross sections in collisions of Ne9+(1s)-Ne10+ (at energies from 0.1 to 10 MeV/u) and U91+(1s)-U92+ (at energies from 6 to 10 MeV/u) are calculated for both relativistic and nonrelativistic cases.
D. B. Thorn, C. G. R. Geddes, N. H. Matlis, G. R. Plateau, E. H. Esarey, M. Battaglia, C. B. Schröder, S. Shiraishi, T. Stöhlker, C. Toth, and W. P. Leemans
Spectroscopy of betatron radiation emitted from laser-produced wakefield accelerated electrons
Rev. Sci. Instrum., 81 :10E325 (October 2010)
Abstract:
X-ray betatron radiation is produced by oscillations of electrons in the intense focusing field of a laser-plasma accelerator. These hard x-rays show promise for use in femtosecond-scale time-resolved radiography of ultrafast processes. However, the spectral characteristics of betatron radiation have only been inferred from filter pack measurements. In order to achieve higher resolution spectral information about the betatron emission, we used an x-ray charge-coupled device to record the spectrum of betatron radiation, with a full width at half maximum resolution of 225 eV. In addition, we have recorded simultaneous electron and x-ray spectra along with x-ray images that allow for a determination of the betatron emission source size, as well as differences in the x-ray spectra as a function of the energy spectrum of accelerated electrons.
M. Hornung, R. Bödefeld, M. Siebold, A. Kessler, M. Schnepp, R. Wachs, A. Sävert, S. Podleska, S. Keppler, J. Hein, and M.C. Kaluza
Temporal pulse control of a multi-10 TW diode-pumped Yb:Glass laser
Appl. Phys. B, 101 :93 (October 2010)
Abstract:
At the Institute of Optics and Quantum Electronics in Jena, Germany, the currently most powerful diode-pumped solid-state laser system with 25-TW peak power Polaris is in operation. In this paper we give an overview about the dispersion management of the chirped pulse amplification in order to minimize the pulse duration and thus to maximize the intensity available for experiments. A detailed description of the stretcher and compressor design with a novel alignment routine is given as well as measurements for the pulse duration and the temporal contrast. The far field measurement of the beam focussed by an off-axis parabola yields a nearly diffraction limited focal spot.
P. Neumayer, B. Aurand, M. Basko, B. Ecker, P. Gibbon, D. C. Hochhaus, A. Karmakar, E. Kazakov, T. Kühl, C. Labaune, O. Rosmej, An. Tauschwitz, B. Zielbauer, and D. Zimmer
The role of hot electron refluxing in laser-generated K-alpha sources
Phys. Plasmas, 17 :103103 (October 2010)
Abstract:
A study of the contribution of refluxing electrons in the production of K-alpha radiation from high-intensity laser irradiated thin targets has been performed. Thin copper foils both freestanding, and backed by a thick substrate were irradiated with laser pulses of energies around 100 J at intensities ranging from below 10^17 to above 10^19 W/cm2. At high laser intensities we find a strong reduction in the K-alpha yield from targets backed by the substrate. The observed yield reduction is in good agreement with a simple model using hot electron spectra from particle-in-cell simulations or directly inferred from the measured bremsstrahlung emission and can therefore be interpreted as due to the suppression of hot electron refluxing. The study shows that refluxing electrons play a dominant role in high-intensity laser driven K- alpha generation and have to be taken into account in designing targets for laser driven high-flux K-alpha sources.
V. P. Shevelko, T. Stöhlker, H. Tawara, I. Yu. Tolstikhina, and G. Weber
Electron capture in intermediate-to-fast heavy ion collisions with neutral atoms
Nucl. Instr. Meth. Phys. Res. B, 268 :2611 (September 2010)
Abstract:
Electron capture processes of heavy ions, like Ge(q+), Xe(q+). Pb(q+), and U(q+), respectively, with the charge q approximate to 10-40, occurring in collisions with gaseous targets are considered in the E = 0.1-100 MeV/u projectile energy range. Calculations of single-electron capture cross sections are performed using the CDW and the CAPTURE computer codes These are compared with available experimental data and CTMC (Classical-Trajectory Monte Carlo) calculations. Although the overall agreement is found to be within a factor of two, In some cases of heavy many-electron projectiles, e g. U(28+) + N(2), Ar collisions, experimental cross sections at high energies are far smaller than theoretical predictions Moreover, for these collision systems the observed energy dependencies are quite different from each other. Possible reasons for this behavior and how the theoretical models can be improved are discussed.
S. Hädrich, J. Rothhardt, M. Krebs, F. Tavella, A. Willner, J. Limpert, and A. Tünnermann
High harmonic generation by novel fiber amplifier based sources
Opt. Express, 18 :20242 (September 2010)
Abstract:
Significant progress in high repetition rate ultrashort pulse sources based on fiber technology is presented. These systems enable operation at a high repetition rate of up to 500 kHz and high average power in the extreme ultraviolet wavelength range via high harmonic generation in a gas jet. High average power few-cycle pulses of a fiber amplifier pumped optical parametric chirped pulse amplifier are used to produce µW level average power for the strongest harmonic at 42.9 nm at a repetition rate of 96 kHz.
M.C. Kaluza, H.-P. Schlenvoigt, S. P. D. Mangles, A. G. R. Thomas, A. E. Dangor, H. Schwörer, W. B. Mori, Z. Najmudin, and K. M. Krushelnick
Measurement of Magnetic-Field Structures in a Laser-Wakefield Accelerator
Phys. Rev. Lett., 105 :115002 (September 2010)
Abstract:
Experimental measurements of magnetic fields generated in the cavity of a self-injecting laser-wakefield accelerator are presented. Faraday rotation is used to determine the existence of multimegagauss fields, constrained to a transverse dimension comparable to the plasma wavelength similar to lambda(p) and several lambda(p) longitudinally. The fields are generated rapidly and move with the driving laser. In our experiment, the appearance of the magnetic fields is correlated with the production of relativistic electrons, indicating that they are inherently tied to the growth and wave breaking of the nonlinear plasma wave. This evolution is confirmed by numerical simulations, showing that these measurements provide insight into the wakefield evolution with high spatial and temporal resolution.
D. C. Hochhaus, J. Seres, B. Aurand, B. Ecker, B. Zielbauer, D. Zimmer, C. Spielmann, and T. Kühl
Tuning the high-order harmonic lines of a Nd:Glass laser for soft X-ray laser seeding
Appl. Phys. B, 100 :711 (September 2010)
Abstract:
We report here more than 50% coverage of the XUV spectral range between 18 nm and 35 nm by tuning the high-order harmonics generated by a fixed frequency Nd:Glass laser system. The tuning range achieved is suitable to seed Ni-like Y, Zr and Mo soft X-ray lasers.
F. Ferro, A. Artemyev, T. Stöhlker, and A. Surzhykov
Isotopic tuning of the 2 3P0−2 1S0 and 2 3P1−2 1S0 transition energies in He-like ions for future parity-nonconservation experiments
J. Instrum., 5 :C08006 (August 2010)
Abstract:
Crossings of opposite-parity levels in He-like ions for particular values of the atomic number Z offer excellent conditions for precise experimental tests of parity-nonconservation (PNC). Such tests may be performed by inducing, through intense lasers, transitions that are only allowed in presence of PNC. Several spectroscopy experiments have been proposed in the past, but only now, with the advent of high-intensity laser facilities (e.g. PHELIX at GSI or POLARIS at Jena), their feasibility is within reach. In this paper, we use relativistic many-body perturbation theory (RMBPT) to calculate accurately the crossing conditions of the excited levels (1s2s) 1S0 and (1s2p) 3P0 and of (1s2s) 1S0 and (1s2p) 3P1 in intermediate and heavy He-like ions. Moreover, we show the dependence of the energy splittings upon the choice of the nuclear isotope.
M.C. Kaluza, S. P. D. Mangles, A. G. R. Thomas, Z. Najmudin, A. E. Dangor, C. D. Murphy, J. L. Collier, E. J. Divall, P. S. Foster, C. J. Hooker, A. J. Langley, J. Smith, and K. Krushelnick
Observation of a Long-Wavelength Hosing Modulation of a High-Intensity Laser Pulse in Underdense Plasma
Phys. Rev. Lett., 105 :095003 (August 2010)
Abstract:
We report the first experimental observation of a long-wavelength hosing modulation of a high-intensity laser pulse. Side-view images of the scattered optical radiation at the fundamental wavelength of the laser reveal a transverse oscillation of the laser pulse during its propagation through underdense plasma. The wavelength of the oscillation lambda(hosing) depends on the background plasma density n(e) and scales as lambda(hosing) similar to n(e)(-3/2). Comparisons with an analytical model and two-dimensional particle-in-cell simulations reveal that this laser hosing can be induced by a spatiotemporal asymmetry of the intensity distribution in the laser focus which can be caused by a misalignment of the parabolic focusing mirror or of the diffraction gratings in the pulse compressor.
V. Bagnoud, B. Aurand, A. Blazevic, S. Borneis, C. Bruske, B. Ecker, U. Eisenbarth, J. Fils, A. Frank, E. Gaul, S. Götte, C. Häfner, T. Hahn, K. Harres, H.-M. Heuck, D. Hochhaus, D. H. H. Hoffmann, D. Javorkova, H.-J. Kluge, T. Kühl, S. Kunzer, M. Kreutz, T. Merz-Mantwill, P. Neumayer, E. Onkels, D. Reemts, O. Rosmej, M. Roth, T. Stöhlker, A. Tauschwitz, B. Zielbauer, D. Zimmer, and K. Witte
Commissioning and early experiments of the PHELIX facility
Appl. Phys. B, 100 :137 (July 2010)
Abstract:
At the Helmholtz center GSI, PHELIX (Petawatt High Energy Laser for heavy Ion eXperiments) has been commissioned for operation in stand-alone mode and, in combination with ions accelerated up to an energy of 13 MeV/u by the heavy ion accelerator UNILAC. The combination of PHELIX with the heavy-ion beams available at GSI enables a large variety of unique experiments. Novel research opportunities are spanning from the study of ion-matter interaction, through challenging new experiments in atomic physics, nuclear physics, and astrophysics, into the field of relativistic plasma physics.
C. Bellei, S. R. Nagel, S. Kar, A. Henig, S. Kneip, C. Palmer, A. Sävert, L. Willingale, D. Carroll, B. Dromey, J. S. Green, K. Markey, P. Simpson, R. J. Clarke, H. Lowe, D. Neely, C. Spindloe, M. Tolley, M.C. Kaluza, S. P. D. Mangles, P. McKenna, P. A. Norreys, J. Schreiber, M. Zepf, J. R. Davies, K. Krushelnick, and Z. Najmudin
Micron-scale fast electron filaments and recirculation determined from rear-side optical emission in high-intensity laser-solid interactions
New J. Phys., 12 :073016 (July 2010)
Abstract:
The transport of relativistic electrons generated in the interaction of petawatt class lasers with solid targets has been studied through measurements of the second harmonic optical emission from their rear surface. The high degree of polarization of the emission indicates that it is predominantly optical transition radiation (TR). A halo that surrounds the main region of emission is also polarized and is attributed to the effect of electron recirculation. The variation of the polarization state and intensity of radiation with the angle of observation indicates that the emission of TR is highly directional and provides evidence for the presence of mu m-size filaments. A brief discussion on the possible causes of such a fine electron beam structure is given.
G. Weber, H. Bräuning, S. Hess, R. Märtin, U. Spillmann, and T. Stöhlker
Performance of a position sensitive Si(Li) x-ray detector dedicated to Compton polarimetry of stored and trapped highly-charged ions
J. Instrum., 5 :C07010 (July 2010)
Abstract:
We report on a novel two-dimensional position sensitive Si(Li) detector dedicated to Compton polarimetry of x-ray radiation arising from highly-charged ions. The performance of the detector system was evaluated in ion-atom collision experiments at the ESR storage ringe at GSI, Darmstadt. Based on the data obtained, the polarimeter efficiency is estimated in this work.
D. Zimmer, D. Ros, O. Guilbaud, J. Habib, S. Kazamias, B. Zielbauer, V. Bagnoud, B. Ecker, D. C. Hochhaus, B. Aurand, P. Neumayer, and T. Kühl
Short-wavelength soft-x-ray laser pumped in double-pulse single-beam non-normal incidence
Phys. Rev. A, 82 :013803 (July 2010)
Abstract:
We demonstrated a 7.36 nm Ni-like samarium soft-x-ray laser, pumped by 36 J of a neodymium:glass chirped-pulse amplification laser. Double-pulse single-beam non-normal-incidence pumping was applied for efficient soft-x-ray laser generation. In this case, the applied technique included a single-optic focusing geometry for large beam diameters, a single-pass grating compressor, traveling-wave tuning capability, and an optimized high-energy laser double pulse. This scheme has the potential for even shorter-wavelength soft-x-ray laser pumping.
M. Baumgartl, B. Ortac, C. Lecaplain, A. Hideur, J. Limpert, and A. Tünnermann
Sub-80 fs dissipative soliton large-mode-area fiber laser
Opt. Lett., 35 :2311 (July 2010)
Abstract:
We report on high-energy ultrashort pulse generation from an all-normal-dispersion large-mode-area fiber laser by exploiting an efficient combination of nonlinear polarization evolution (NPE) and a semiconductor-based saturable absorber mode-locking mechanism. The watt-level laser directly emits chirped pulses with a duration of 1 ps and 163 nJ of pulse energy. These can be compressed to 77 fs, generating megawatt-level peak power. Intracavity dynamics are discussed by numerical simulation, and the intracavity pulse evolution reveals that NPE plays a key role in pulse shaping.
J. Rothhardt, S. Hädrich, E. Seise, M. Krebs, F. Tavella, A. Willner, S. Duesterer, H. Schlarb, J. Feldhaus, J. Limpert, J. Rossbach, and A. Tünnermann
High average and peak power few-cycle laser pulses delivered by fiber pumped OPCPA system
Opt. Express, 18 :12719 (June 2010)
Abstract:
We report on a high power optical parametric amplifier delivering 8 fs pulses with 6 GW peak power. The system is pumped by a fiber amplifier and operated at 96 kHz repetition rate. The average output power is as high as 6.7 W, which is the highest average power few-cycle pulse laser reported so far. When stabilizing the seed oscillator, the system delivered carrier-envelop phase stable laser pulses. Furthermore, high harmonic generation up to the 33th order (21.8 nm) is demonstrated in a Krypton gas jet. In addition, the scalability of the presented laser system is discussed.
F. Ferro, A. Artemyev, T. Stöhlker, and A. Surzhykov
Isotope shift of the 1s2p P-3(0)-1s2s S-1(0) level splitting in heavy He-like ions: Implications for atomic parity-nonconservation studies
Phys. Rev. A, 81 :062503 (June 2010)
Abstract:
Heavy He-like ions are considered to be promising candidates for atomic parity-nonconservation (PNC) studies, thanks to their relatively simple atomic structure and the significant mixing between the almost degenerate (for the atomic numbers Z~64 and Z~91) opposite-parity levels 1s2s 1S0 and 1s2p 3P0. A number of experiments exploiting this level mixing have been proposed, and their implementation requires a precise knowledge of the 2 3P0–2 1S0 energy splitting for different nuclear charges and isotopes. In this paper we performed a theoretical analysis of the level splitting, employing the relativistic many-body perturbation theory and including QED corrections for all isotopes in the intervals 54⩽Z⩽71 and 86⩽Z⩽93. Possible candidates for future experimental PNC studies are discussed.
M. Hornung, R. Bödefeld, A. Kessler, J. Hein, and M.C. Kaluza
Spectrally resolved and phase-sensitive far-field measurement for the coherent addition of laser pulses in a tiled grating compressor
Opt. Lett., 35 :2073 (June 2010)
Abstract:
We describe a method that can be used for the coherent addition of laser pulses. As different laser pulses are initially generated in a laser-pulse compressor equipped with a tiled grating, such a coherent addition is indispens able in order to maximize the intensity in the laser far field. We present measurements in this context where, up to now, an unavoidable difference in the grating constants between the phased gratings reduced the maximum achievable intensity. The method significantly facilitates the high-precision alignment of a tiled grating compressor and could also be used for a coherent addition of laser pulses.
D. Rodríguez, K. Blaum, W. Nörtershäuser, M. Ahammed, A. Algora, G. Audi, J. Äystö, D. Beck, M. Bender, J. Billowes, M. Block, C. Böhm, G. Bollen, M. Brodeur, T. Brunner, B. Bushaw, R. Cakirli, P. Campbell, D. Cano-Ott, G. Cortés, J. Crespo López-Urrutia, P. Das, A. Dax, A. De, P. Delheij, T. Dickel, J. Dilling, K. Eberhardt, S. Eliseev, S. Ettenauer, K. Flanagan, R. Ferrer, J.-E. García-Ramos, E. Gartzke, H. Geissel, S. George, C. Geppert, M. Gómez-Hornillos, Y. Gusev, D. Habs, P.-H. Heenen, S. Heinz, F. Herfurth, A. Herlert, M. Hobein, G. Huber, M. Huyse, C. Jesch, A. Jokinen, O. Kester, J. Ketelaer, V. Kolhinen, I. Koudriavtsev, M. Kowalska, J. Krämer, S. Kreim, A. Krieger, T. Kühl, A. Lallena, A. Lapierre, F. Le Blanc, Y. Litvinov, D. Lunney, T. Martínez, G. Marx, M. Matos, E. Minaya-Ramirez, I. Moore, S. Nagy, S. Naimi, D. Neidherr, D. Nesterenko, G. Neyens, Y. Novikov, M. Petrick, W. Plaß, A. Popov, W. Quint, A. Ray, P.-G. Reinhard, J. Repp, C. Roux, B. Rubio, R. Sanchez, B. Schabinger, C. Scheidenberger, D. Schneider, R. Schuch, S. Schwarz, L. Schweikhard, M. Seliverstov, A. Solders, M. Suhonen, J. Szerypo, J. Taín, P. Thirolf, J. Ullrich, P. Duppen, A. Vasiliev, G. Vorobjev, C. Weber, K. Wendt, M. Winkler, D. Yordanov, and F. Ziegler
MATS and LaSpec: High-precision experiments using ion traps and lasers at FAIR
Eur. Phys. J. ST, 183 :1 (May 2010)
Abstract:
Nuclear ground state properties including mass, charge radii, spins and moments can be determined by applying atomic physics techniques such as Penning-trap based mass spectrometry and laser spectroscopy. The MATS and LaSpec setups at the low-energy beamline at FAIR will allow us to extend the knowledge of these properties further into the region far from stability. The mass and its inherent connection with the nuclear binding energy is a fundamental property of a nuclide, a unique “fingerprint”. Thus, precise mass values are important for a variety of applications, ranging from nuclear-structure studies like the investigation of shell closures and the onset of deformation, tests of nuclear mass models and mass formulas, to tests of the weak interaction and of the Standard Model. The required relative accuracy ranges from 10^−5 to below 10^−8 for radionuclides, which most often have half-lives well below 1 s. Substantial progress in Penning trap mass spectrometry has made this method a prime choice for precision measurements on rare isotopes. The technique has the potential to provide high accuracy and sensitivity even for very short-lived nuclides. Furthermore, ion traps can be used for precision decay studies and offer advantages over existing methods. With MATS (Precision Measurements of very short-lived nuclei using an Advanced Trapping System for highly-charged ions) at FAIR we aim to apply several techniques to very short-lived radionuclides: High-accuracy mass measurements, in-trap conversion electron and alpha spectroscopy, and trap-assisted spectroscopy. The experimental setup of MATS is a unique combination of an electron beam ion trap for charge breeding, ion traps for beam preparation, and a high-precision Penning trap system for mass measurements and decay studies. For the mass measurements, MATS offers both a high accuracy and a high sensitivity. A relative mass uncertainty of 10^−9 can be reached by employing highly-charged ions and a non-destructive Fourier-Transform Ion-Cyclotron-Resonance (FT-ICR) detection technique on single stored ions. This accuracy limit is important for fundamental interaction tests, but also allows for the study of the fine structure of the nuclear mass surface with unprecedented accuracy, whenever required. The use of the FT-ICR technique provides true single ion sensitivity. This is essential to access isotopes that are produced with minimum rates which are very often the most interesting ones. Instead of pushing for highest accuracy, the high charge state of the ions can also be used to reduce the storage time of the ions, hence making measurements on even shorter-lived isotopes possible. Decay studies in ion traps will become possible with MATS. Novel spectroscopic tools for in-trap high-resolution conversion-electron and charged-particle spectroscopy from carrier-free sources will be developed, aiming e.g. at the measurements of quadrupole moments and E0 strengths. With the possibility of both high-accuracy mass measurements of the shortest-lived isotopes and decay studies, the high sensitivity and accuracy potential of MATS is ideally suited for the study of very exotic nuclides that will only be produced at the FAIR facility.Laser spectroscopy of radioactive isotopes and isomers is an efficient and model-independent approach for the determination of nuclear ground and isomeric state properties. Hyperfine structures and isotope shifts in electronic transitions exhibit readily accessible information on the nuclear spin, magnetic dipole and electric quadrupole moments as well as root-mean-square charge radii. The dependencies of the hyperfine splitting and isotope shift on the nuclear moments and mean square nuclear charge radii are well known and the theoretical framework for the extraction of nuclear parameters is well established. These extracted parameters provide fundamental information on the structure of nuclei at the limits of stability. Vital information on both bulk and valence nuclear properties are derived and an exceptional sensitivity to changes in nuclear deformation is achieved. Laser spectroscopy provides the only mechanism for such studies in exotic systems and uniquely facilitates these studies in a model-independent manner.The accuracy of laser-spectroscopic-determined nuclear properties is very high. Requirements concerning production rates are moderate; collinear spectroscopy has been performed with production rates as few as 100 ions per second and laser-desorption resonance ionization mass spectroscopy (combined with β-delayed neutron detection) has been achieved with rates of only a few atoms per second.This Technical Design Report describes a new Penning trap mass spectrometry setup as well as a number of complementary experimental devices for laser spectroscopy, which will provide a complete system with respect to the physics and isotopes that can be studied. Since MATS and LaSpec require high-quality low-energy beams, the two collaborations have a common beamline to stop the radioactive beam of in-flight produced isotopes and prepare them in a suitable way for transfer to the MATS and LaSpec setups, respectively.
V. M. Shabaev, A. V. Volotka, C. Kozhuharov, G. Plunien, and T. Stöhlker
Parity-nonconservation effect with the laser-induced 2 3S1 - 2 1S0 transition in heavy heliumlike ions
Phys. Rev. A, 81 :052102 (May 2010)
Abstract:
The parity-nonconservation (PNC) effect on the laser-induced 2 3S1–2 1S0 transition in heavy heliumlike ions is considered. A simple analytical formula for the PNC correction to the cross section is derived for the case, when the opposite-parity 2 1S0 and 2 3P0 states are almost degenerate and, therefore, the PNC effect is strongly enhanced. Numerical results are presented for heliumlike gadolinium and thorium, which seem the most promising candidates for such experiments. In both Gd and Th cases the photon energy required will be anticipated with a high-energy laser built at GSI. Alternatively, it can be gained with ultraviolet lasers utilizing relativistic Doppler tuning at FAIR facilities in Darmstadt.
H. Gies, and A. Weber
Geometry-Temperature Interplay in the Casimir Effect
Int. J. Mod. Phys. A, 25 :2279 (April 2010)
Abstract:
We discuss Casimir phenomena which are dominated by long-range fluctuations. A prime example is given by "geothermal" Casimir phenomena where thermal fluctuations in open Casimir geometries can induce significantly enhanced thermal corrections. We illustrate the underlying mechanism with the aid of the inclined-plates configuration, giving rise to enhanced power-law temperature dependences compared to the parallel-plates case. In limiting cases, we find numerical evidence even for fractional power laws induced by long-range fluctuations. We demonstrate that thermal energy densities for open geometries are typically distributed over length scales of 1/T. As an important consequence, approximation methods for thermal corrections based on local energy-density estimates such as the proximity-force approximation are expected to become unreliable even at small surface separations.
V. Bagnoud, J. Fils, J. Hein, M.C. Kaluza, G.G. Paulus, T. Stöhlker, and M. Wolf
High‐Contrast Ultrafast OPA Module For The PHELIX Facility
AIP Conf. Proc., 1228 :217 (April 2010)
Abstract:
In this paper, a new system for improvement of the pulse contrast in CPA laser systems by use of an ultrafast OPA is reviewed together with a scheme to create sub‐picosecond synchronized OPA pump pulses. The scheme is being implemented at the PHELIX facility at GSI‐Darmstadt, Germany.
J. Seres, E. Seres, D. Hochhaus, B. Ecker, D. Zimmer, V. Bagnoud, T. Kühl, and C. Spielmann
Laser-driven amplification of soft X-rays by parametric stimulated emission in neutral gases
Nat. Phys., 6 :455\u2013461 (April 2010)
Abstract:
We present a new method for parametric amplification of soft-X-ray radiation. The laser-driven amplifier is based on parametric stimulated emission and is seeded with high-order-harmonic radiation generated in the same medium. The exponential increase of the soft-X-ray yield with increasing atomic density is experimentally demonstrated for two different sets of laser parameters. A small-signal gain up to 8 × 10^3 is obtained in both experiments at about 40 eV in argon using 350-fs-long laser pulses and with 6-fs-long ones at about 260 eV in helium, respectively. This new scheme reduces the pumping threshold for lasing with a comparable conversion efficiency into the millijoule level, which is about two orders of magnitude smaller compared with the conventional plasma X-ray lasers. With a simple model, we can estimate the necessary experimental conditions for identifying the spectral range and the magnitude of the maximum gain, which are in reasonable agreement with our measurements.