Referierte Publikationen


D. Zimmer, D. Ros, O. Guilbaud, J. Habib, S. Kazamias, B. Zielbauer, V. Bagnoud, B. Ecker, D. C. Hochhaus, B. Aurand, P. Neumayer, and T. Kühl
Short-wavelength soft-x-ray laser pumped in double-pulse single-beam non-normal incidence
Phys. Rev. A, 82 :013803 (July 2010)
We demonstrated a 7.36 nm Ni-like samarium soft-x-ray laser, pumped by 36 J of a neodymium:glass chirped-pulse amplification laser. Double-pulse single-beam non-normal-incidence pumping was applied for efficient soft-x-ray laser generation. In this case, the applied technique included a single-optic focusing geometry for large beam diameters, a single-pass grating compressor, traveling-wave tuning capability, and an optimized high-energy laser double pulse. This scheme has the potential for even shorter-wavelength soft-x-ray laser pumping.
M. Baumgartl, B. Ortac, C. Lecaplain, A. Hideur, J. Limpert, and A. Tünnermann
Sub-80 fs dissipative soliton large-mode-area fiber laser
Opt. Lett., 35 :2311 (July 2010)
We report on high-energy ultrashort pulse generation from an all-normal-dispersion large-mode-area fiber laser by exploiting an efficient combination of nonlinear polarization evolution (NPE) and a semiconductor-based saturable absorber mode-locking mechanism. The watt-level laser directly emits chirped pulses with a duration of 1 ps and 163 nJ of pulse energy. These can be compressed to 77 fs, generating megawatt-level peak power. Intracavity dynamics are discussed by numerical simulation, and the intracavity pulse evolution reveals that NPE plays a key role in pulse shaping.
J. Rothhardt, S. Hädrich, E. Seise, M. Krebs, F. Tavella, A. Willner, S. Duesterer, H. Schlarb, J. Feldhaus, J. Limpert, J. Rossbach, and A. Tünnermann
High average and peak power few-cycle laser pulses delivered by fiber pumped OPCPA system
Opt. Express, 18 :12719 (June 2010)
We report on a high power optical parametric amplifier delivering 8 fs pulses with 6 GW peak power. The system is pumped by a fiber amplifier and operated at 96 kHz repetition rate. The average output power is as high as 6.7 W, which is the highest average power few-cycle pulse laser reported so far. When stabilizing the seed oscillator, the system delivered carrier-envelop phase stable laser pulses. Furthermore, high harmonic generation up to the 33th order (21.8 nm) is demonstrated in a Krypton gas jet. In addition, the scalability of the presented laser system is discussed.
F. Ferro, A. Artemyev, T. Stöhlker, and A. Surzhykov
Isotope shift of the 1s2p P-3(0)-1s2s S-1(0) level splitting in heavy He-like ions: Implications for atomic parity-nonconservation studies
Phys. Rev. A, 81 :062503 (June 2010)
Heavy He-like ions are considered to be promising candidates for atomic parity-nonconservation (PNC) studies, thanks to their relatively simple atomic structure and the significant mixing between the almost degenerate (for the atomic numbers Z~64 and Z~91) opposite-parity levels 1s2s 1S0 and 1s2p 3P0. A number of experiments exploiting this level mixing have been proposed, and their implementation requires a precise knowledge of the 2 3P0–2 1S0 energy splitting for different nuclear charges and isotopes. In this paper we performed a theoretical analysis of the level splitting, employing the relativistic many-body perturbation theory and including QED corrections for all isotopes in the intervals 54⩽Z⩽71 and 86⩽Z⩽93. Possible candidates for future experimental PNC studies are discussed.
M. Hornung, R. Bödefeld, A. Kessler, J. Hein, and M.C. Kaluza
Spectrally resolved and phase-sensitive far-field measurement for the coherent addition of laser pulses in a tiled grating compressor
Opt. Lett., 35 :2073 (June 2010)
We describe a method that can be used for the coherent addition of laser pulses. As different laser pulses are initially generated in a laser-pulse compressor equipped with a tiled grating, such a coherent addition is indispens able in order to maximize the intensity in the laser far field. We present measurements in this context where, up to now, an unavoidable difference in the grating constants between the phased gratings reduced the maximum achievable intensity. The method significantly facilitates the high-precision alignment of a tiled grating compressor and could also be used for a coherent addition of laser pulses.
D. Rodríguez, K. Blaum, W. Nörtershäuser, M. Ahammed, A. Algora, G. Audi, J. Äystö, D. Beck, M. Bender, J. Billowes, M. Block, C. Böhm, G. Bollen, M. Brodeur, T. Brunner, B. Bushaw, R. Cakirli, P. Campbell, D. Cano-Ott, G. Cortés, J. Crespo López-Urrutia, P. Das, A. Dax, A. De, P. Delheij, T. Dickel, J. Dilling, K. Eberhardt, S. Eliseev, S. Ettenauer, K. Flanagan, R. Ferrer, J.-E. García-Ramos, E. Gartzke, H. Geissel, S. George, C. Geppert, M. Gómez-Hornillos, Y. Gusev, D. Habs, P.-H. Heenen, S. Heinz, F. Herfurth, A. Herlert, M. Hobein, G. Huber, M. Huyse, C. Jesch, A. Jokinen, O. Kester, J. Ketelaer, V. Kolhinen, I. Koudriavtsev, M. Kowalska, J. Krämer, S. Kreim, A. Krieger, T. Kühl, A. Lallena, A. Lapierre, F. Le Blanc, Y. Litvinov, D. Lunney, T. Martínez, G. Marx, M. Matos, E. Minaya-Ramirez, I. Moore, S. Nagy, S. Naimi, D. Neidherr, D. Nesterenko, G. Neyens, Y. Novikov, M. Petrick, W. Plaß, A. Popov, W. Quint, A. Ray, P.-G. Reinhard, J. Repp, C. Roux, B. Rubio, R. Sanchez, B. Schabinger, C. Scheidenberger, D. Schneider, R. Schuch, S. Schwarz, L. Schweikhard, M. Seliverstov, A. Solders, M. Suhonen, J. Szerypo, J. Taín, P. Thirolf, J. Ullrich, P. Duppen, A. Vasiliev, G. Vorobjev, C. Weber, K. Wendt, M. Winkler, D. Yordanov, and F. Ziegler
MATS and LaSpec: High-precision experiments using ion traps and lasers at FAIR
Eur. Phys. J. ST, 183 :1 (May 2010)
Nuclear ground state properties including mass, charge radii, spins and moments can be determined by applying atomic physics techniques such as Penning-trap based mass spectrometry and laser spectroscopy. The MATS and LaSpec setups at the low-energy beamline at FAIR will allow us to extend the knowledge of these properties further into the region far from stability. The mass and its inherent connection with the nuclear binding energy is a fundamental property of a nuclide, a unique “fingerprint”. Thus, precise mass values are important for a variety of applications, ranging from nuclear-structure studies like the investigation of shell closures and the onset of deformation, tests of nuclear mass models and mass formulas, to tests of the weak interaction and of the Standard Model. The required relative accuracy ranges from 10^−5 to below 10^−8 for radionuclides, which most often have half-lives well below 1 s. Substantial progress in Penning trap mass spectrometry has made this method a prime choice for precision measurements on rare isotopes. The technique has the potential to provide high accuracy and sensitivity even for very short-lived nuclides. Furthermore, ion traps can be used for precision decay studies and offer advantages over existing methods. With MATS (Precision Measurements of very short-lived nuclei using an Advanced Trapping System for highly-charged ions) at FAIR we aim to apply several techniques to very short-lived radionuclides: High-accuracy mass measurements, in-trap conversion electron and alpha spectroscopy, and trap-assisted spectroscopy. The experimental setup of MATS is a unique combination of an electron beam ion trap for charge breeding, ion traps for beam preparation, and a high-precision Penning trap system for mass measurements and decay studies. For the mass measurements, MATS offers both a high accuracy and a high sensitivity. A relative mass uncertainty of 10^−9 can be reached by employing highly-charged ions and a non-destructive Fourier-Transform Ion-Cyclotron-Resonance (FT-ICR) detection technique on single stored ions. This accuracy limit is important for fundamental interaction tests, but also allows for the study of the fine structure of the nuclear mass surface with unprecedented accuracy, whenever required. The use of the FT-ICR technique provides true single ion sensitivity. This is essential to access isotopes that are produced with minimum rates which are very often the most interesting ones. Instead of pushing for highest accuracy, the high charge state of the ions can also be used to reduce the storage time of the ions, hence making measurements on even shorter-lived isotopes possible. Decay studies in ion traps will become possible with MATS. Novel spectroscopic tools for in-trap high-resolution conversion-electron and charged-particle spectroscopy from carrier-free sources will be developed, aiming e.g. at the measurements of quadrupole moments and E0 strengths. With the possibility of both high-accuracy mass measurements of the shortest-lived isotopes and decay studies, the high sensitivity and accuracy potential of MATS is ideally suited for the study of very exotic nuclides that will only be produced at the FAIR facility.Laser spectroscopy of radioactive isotopes and isomers is an efficient and model-independent approach for the determination of nuclear ground and isomeric state properties. Hyperfine structures and isotope shifts in electronic transitions exhibit readily accessible information on the nuclear spin, magnetic dipole and electric quadrupole moments as well as root-mean-square charge radii. The dependencies of the hyperfine splitting and isotope shift on the nuclear moments and mean square nuclear charge radii are well known and the theoretical framework for the extraction of nuclear parameters is well established. These extracted parameters provide fundamental information on the structure of nuclei at the limits of stability. Vital information on both bulk and valence nuclear properties are derived and an exceptional sensitivity to changes in nuclear deformation is achieved. Laser spectroscopy provides the only mechanism for such studies in exotic systems and uniquely facilitates these studies in a model-independent manner.The accuracy of laser-spectroscopic-determined nuclear properties is very high. Requirements concerning production rates are moderate; collinear spectroscopy has been performed with production rates as few as 100 ions per second and laser-desorption resonance ionization mass spectroscopy (combined with β-delayed neutron detection) has been achieved with rates of only a few atoms per second.This Technical Design Report describes a new Penning trap mass spectrometry setup as well as a number of complementary experimental devices for laser spectroscopy, which will provide a complete system with respect to the physics and isotopes that can be studied. Since MATS and LaSpec require high-quality low-energy beams, the two collaborations have a common beamline to stop the radioactive beam of in-flight produced isotopes and prepare them in a suitable way for transfer to the MATS and LaSpec setups, respectively.
V. M. Shabaev, A. V. Volotka, C. Kozhuharov, G. Plunien, and T. Stöhlker
Parity-nonconservation effect with the laser-induced 2 3S1 - 2 1S0 transition in heavy heliumlike ions
Phys. Rev. A, 81 :052102 (May 2010)
The parity-nonconservation (PNC) effect on the laser-induced 2 3S1–2 1S0 transition in heavy heliumlike ions is considered. A simple analytical formula for the PNC correction to the cross section is derived for the case, when the opposite-parity 2 1S0 and 2 3P0 states are almost degenerate and, therefore, the PNC effect is strongly enhanced. Numerical results are presented for heliumlike gadolinium and thorium, which seem the most promising candidates for such experiments. In both Gd and Th cases the photon energy required will be anticipated with a high-energy laser built at GSI. Alternatively, it can be gained with ultraviolet lasers utilizing relativistic Doppler tuning at FAIR facilities in Darmstadt.
H. Gies, and A. Weber
Geometry-Temperature Interplay in the Casimir Effect
Int. J. Mod. Phys. A, 25 :2279 (April 2010)
We discuss Casimir phenomena which are dominated by long-range fluctuations. A prime example is given by "geothermal" Casimir phenomena where thermal fluctuations in open Casimir geometries can induce significantly enhanced thermal corrections. We illustrate the underlying mechanism with the aid of the inclined-plates configuration, giving rise to enhanced power-law temperature dependences compared to the parallel-plates case. In limiting cases, we find numerical evidence even for fractional power laws induced by long-range fluctuations. We demonstrate that thermal energy densities for open geometries are typically distributed over length scales of 1/T. As an important consequence, approximation methods for thermal corrections based on local energy-density estimates such as the proximity-force approximation are expected to become unreliable even at small surface separations.
V. Bagnoud, J. Fils, J. Hein, M.C. Kaluza, G.G. Paulus, T. Stöhlker, and M. Wolf
High‐Contrast Ultrafast OPA Module For The PHELIX Facility
AIP Conf. Proc., 1228 :217 (April 2010)
In this paper, a new system for improvement of the pulse contrast in CPA laser systems by use of an ultrafast OPA is reviewed together with a scheme to create sub‐picosecond synchronized OPA pump pulses. The scheme is being implemented at the PHELIX facility at GSI‐Darmstadt, Germany.
J. Seres, E. Seres, D. Hochhaus, B. Ecker, D. Zimmer, V. Bagnoud, T. Kühl, and C. Spielmann
Laser-driven amplification of soft X-rays by parametric stimulated emission in neutral gases
Nat. Phys., 6 :455\u2013461 (April 2010)
We present a new method for parametric amplification of soft-X-ray radiation. The laser-driven amplifier is based on parametric stimulated emission and is seeded with high-order-harmonic radiation generated in the same medium. The exponential increase of the soft-X-ray yield with increasing atomic density is experimentally demonstrated for two different sets of laser parameters. A small-signal gain up to 8 × 10^3 is obtained in both experiments at about 40 eV in argon using 350-fs-long laser pulses and with 6-fs-long ones at about 260 eV in helium, respectively. This new scheme reduces the pumping threshold for lasing with a comparable conversion efficiency into the millijoule level, which is about two orders of magnitude smaller compared with the conventional plasma X-ray lasers. With a simple model, we can estimate the necessary experimental conditions for identifying the spectral range and the magnitude of the maximum gain, which are in reasonable agreement with our measurements.
J. Hein, M. Hornung, R. Bödefeld, S. Podleska, A. Sävert, R. Wachs, A. Kessler, S. Keppler, M. Wolf, J. Polz, O. Jäckel, M. Nicolai, M. Schnepp, J. Körner, M.C. Kaluza, and G.G. Paulus
Multiterawatt peak power generated by the all diode pumped laser—POLARIS
AIP Conf. Proc., 1228 :159 (April 2010)
At the Institute of Optics and Quantum Electronics, University of Jena, a fully diode pumped ultrahigh peak power laser system—POLARIS—has been realized. Presently, this laser system reaches a peak power of some ten terawatt. The last amplifier, which will boost the output energy to the 100 J level, is nearly completed and will be soon commissioned. The applied technologies and the basic design are reviewed here.
F. Tavella, A. Willner, J. Rothhardt, S. Hädrich, E. Seise, S. Duesterer, T. Tschentscher, H. Schlarb, J. Feldhaus, J. Limpert, A. Tünnermann, and J. Rossbach
Fiber-amplifier pumped high average power few-cycle pulse non-collinear OPCPA
Opt. Express, 18 :4689 (March 2010)
We report on the performance of a 60 kHz repetition rate sub-10 fs, optical parametric chirped pulse amplifier system with 2 W average power and 3 GW peak power. This is to our knowledge the highest average power sub-10 fs kHz-amplifier system reported to date. The amplifier is conceived for applications at free electron laser facilities and is designed such to be scalable in energy and repetition rate.
Q. Zhong, T. Aumann, S. Bishop, K. Blaum, K. Boretzky, F. Bosch, H. Bräuning, C. Brandau, T. Davinson, I. Dillmann, O. Ershova, H. Geissel, G. Gyürky, M. Heil, F. Käppeler, A. Kelić, C. Kozhuharov, C. Langer, T. L. Bleis, Y. A. Litvinov, G. Lotay, J. Marganiec, N. Petridis, R. Plag, U. Popp, R. Reifarth, B. Riese, C. Rigollet, C. Scheidenberger, H. Simon, T. Stöhlker, T. Szücs, G. Weber, H. Weick, D. F. A. Winters, N. Winters, and P. J. Woods
96^Ru(p,γ)97^Rh measurement at the GSI storage ring
J. Phys.: Conf. Ser., 202 :012011 (February 2010)
A pioneering experiment was recently performed at the Experimental Storage Ring (ESR) at GSI. Fully stripped ions of 96 Ru were injected into the storage ring and slowed down to a few MeV per nucleon. The 97 Rh ions from the 96 Ru(p,γ) reaction at a newly developed hydrogen jet target were detected with Double Sided Silicon Strip Detectors (DSSSD) mounted inside a pocket. The experiment and the status of the analysis at a beam energy of 11 MeV per nucleon will be presented.
S. Hädrich, T. Gottschall, J. Rothhardt, J. Limpert, and A. Tünnermann
CW seeded optical parametric amplifier providing wavelength and pulse duration tunable nearly transform limited pulses
Opt. Express, 18 :3158 (February 2010)
An optical parametric amplifier that delivers nearly transform limited pulses is presented. The center wavelength of these pulses can be tuned between 993 nm and 1070 nm and, at the same time, the pulse duration is varied between 206 fs and 650 fs. At the shortest pulse duration the pulse energy was increased up to 7.2 microJ at 50 kHz repetition rate. Variation of the wavelength is achieved by applying a tunable cw seed while the pulse duration can be varied via altering the pump pulse duration. This scheme offers superior flexibility and scaling possibilities.
D. Zimmer, B. Zielbauer, M. Pittman, O. Guilbaud, J. Habib, S. Kazamias, D. Ros, V. Bagnoud, and T. Kühl
Optimization of a tabletop high-repetition-rate soft x-ray laser pumped in double-pulse single-beam grazing incidence
Opt. Lett., 35 :450 (February 2010)
This Letter reports on the optimization of a tabletop nickel-like molybdenum transient collisionally excited soft x-ray laser (SXRL) at 18.9 nm performed by a double-pulse single-beam grazing incidence pumping (DGRIP). This scheme allows for the first time, to our knowledge, the full control of the pump laser parameters including the pre-pulse duration optimally generating the SXRL amplifier under a grazing incidence. The single-beam geometry of the collinear double-pulse propagation guarantees the ideal overlap of the pre-pulse and main pulse from shot to shot resulting in a more efficient and highly stable SXRL output. SXRL energies up to 2.2 µJ are obtained with a total pump energy less than 1 J for several hours at a 10 Hz repetition rate without realignment under once optimized double pumping pulse parameters including energy ratio, time delay, pre-pulse and main pulse durations, and line focus width.
T. Kühl, B. Aurand, V. Bagnoud, B. Ecker, U. Eisenbarth, O. Guilbaud, J. Fils, S. Goette, J. Habib, D. Hochhaus, D. Javorkova, P. Neumayer, S. Kazamias, M. Pittman, D. Ros, J. Seres, C. Spielmann, B. Zielbauer, and D. Zimmer
Progress in the applicability of plasma X-ray lasers
Hyperfine Interact., 196 :233 (February 2010)
Proposed as satellite-based weapons during the 1980s, X-ray lasing was for a long time only achieved with enormous amounts of pump energy in either nuclear explosions or at kilojoule-class laser installations. During the last few years a tremendous development was achieved, most visible in the realisation of the FEL lasers at DESY and SLAC. As important for a wider applicability is the enormous reduction in pump energy for laser pumped plasma X-ray lasers, which now brings such devices into the range of applications for diagnostics and spectroscopy even in smaller laboratories. Main developments were the transient excitation scheme and the optimized pumping concepts. This paper concentrates on developments at the GSI Helmholtzcenter at Darmstadt aiming towards reliable X-ray laser sources in the range from 50 to several 100 eV. The main driving forces for the laser development at GSI are the possible application for the spectroscopy of Li-like ions in the storage ring ESR and the future storage ring NESR at FAIR, and the interest in novel plasma diagnostics.
S. Trotsenko, A. Kumar, A. V. Volotka, D. Banaś, H. F. Beyer, H. Bräuning, S. Fritzsche, A. Gumberidze, S. Hagmann, S. Hess, P. Jagodzinski, C. Kozhuharov, R. Reuschl, S. Salem, A. Simon, U. Spillmann, M. Trassinelli, L. C. Tribedi, G. Weber, D. Winters, and T. Stöhlker
Spectral Shape of the Two-Photon Decay of the 2 1S0 State in He-Like Tin
Phys. Rev. Lett., 104 :033001 (January 2010)
The spectral distribution of the 1s2s 1S0→1s2 1S0 two-photon decay of He-like tin was measured using a novel approach at the gas-jet target of the ESR storage ring. Relativistic collisions of Li-like projectiles with low-density gaseous matter have been exploited to selectively populate the desired 1s2s state. Compared to conventional techniques, this approach results in a substantial gain in statistical and systematic accuracy, which allowed us to achieve for the first time a sensitivity to relativistic effects on the two-photon decay spectral shape as well as to discriminate the measured spectrum for Sn from theoretical shapes for different elements along the He-isoelectronic sequence.


G. Dunne, H. Gies, and R. Schützhold
Catalysis of Schwinger vacuum pair production
Phys. Rev. D, 80 :111301 (December 2009)
We propose a new catalysis mechanism for nonperturbative vacuum electron-positron pair production, by superimposing a plane-wave x-ray probe beam with a strongly focused optical laser pulse, such as is planned at the Extreme Light Infrastructure (ELI) facility. We compute the absorption coefficient arising from vacuum polarization effects for photons below threshold in a strong electric field. This setup should facilitate the (first) observation of this nonperturbative QED effect with planned light sources such as ELI yielding an envisioned intensity of order 10^26 W/cm^2.
J. Rothhardt, S. Hädrich, T. Gottschall, T. Clausnitzer, J. Limpert, and A. Tünnermann
Compact fiber amplifier pumped OPCPA system delivering Gigawatt peak power 35 fs pulses
Opt. Express, 17 :24130 (December 2009)
We report on a compact Gigawatt peak power OPCPA system which is pumped by the second harmonic of an Yb-doped fiber amplifier and seeded by a cavity dumped Ti:Sapphire oscillator. Picosecond pump pulses for the OPCPA are generated by spectral filtering and directly amplified to 1 mJ pulse energy in several fiber amplifiers, without the need of chirped pulse amplification. Since no stretcher and compressor is required, the pump laser is very compact and easy to operate. The two stage optical parametric amplifier delivers 35 fs pulses with 53 microJ pulse energy and 1.1 GW peak power at 40 kHz repetition rate. Additionally, the scaling potential of this approach is discussed.
S. Hess, H. Bräuning, U. Spillmann, S. Geyer, S. Hagmann, C. Kozhuharov, T. Krings, A. Kumar, R. Märtin, B. E. O'Rourke, R. Reuschl, S. Trotsenko, G. Weber, D. Winters, and T. Stöhlker
Polarized tunable monoenergetic x-rays produced by radiative electron capture into the K-shell of Xe^(54+)
J. Phys.: Conf. Ser., 194 :012025 (December 2009)
Many physical processes such as bremsstrahlung, synchrotron radiaton and radiative recombination produce polarized X-rays. However, only a few facilities are able to deliver tunable monoenergetic high quality beams of almost completely polarized X-rays to the user. We used radiative electron capture (REC) into the K-shell of bare xenon to produce tunable and highly linearly polarized X-rays in a storage ring environment (Fig. 1) which we confirmed by a dedicated compton polarimeter.
D. Nodop, J. Rothhardt, S. Hädrich, J. Limpert, and A. Tünnermann
Wavelength-independent all-optical synchronization of a Q-switched 100-ps microchip laser to a femtosecond laser reference source
Appl. Phys. B, 94 :399 (December 2009)
We present a Q-switched microchip laser emitting 1064-nm pulses as short as 100 ps synchronized to a cavity dumped femtosecond laser emitting 800-nm pulses as short as 80 fs. The synchronization is achieved by presaturating the saturable absorber of the microchip laser with femtosecond pulses even though both lasers emit at widely separated wavelengths. The mean timing jitter is 40 ps and thus considerably shorter than the pulse duration of the microchip laser.
M. Trassinelli, A. Kumar, H. F. Beyer, P. Indelicato, R. Märtin, R. Reuschl, Y. S. Kozhedub, C. Brandau, H. Bräuning, S. Geyer, A. Gumberidze, S. Hess, P. Jagodzinski, C. Kozhuharov, D. Liesen, U. Spillmann, S. Trotsenko, G. Weber, D. F. A. Winters, and T. Stöhlker
Observation of the 2p_(3/2) → 2s_(1/2) intra-shell transition in He-like uranium
Europhys. Lett., 87 :63001 (September 2009)
We present the first observation of the 1s 2p^3P_2 → 1s 2s^3S_1 transition in He-like uranium. The experiment was performed at the internal gas-jet target of the ESR storage ring at GSI exploiting a Bragg crystal spectrometer and a germanium solid-state detector. Using the 1s^(2) 2p^2P_(3/2) → 1s^(2) 2s^2S_(1/2) transition in Li-like uranium as reference and the deceleration capabilities of the ESR storage ring, we obtained the first evaluation of the energy of an intra-shell transition for a He-like heavy ion.
G. Weber, C. Omet, R. D. DuBois, O. de Lucio, T. Stöhlker, C. Brandau, A. Gumberidze, S. Hagmann, S. Hess, C. Kozhuharov, R. Reuschl, P. Spiller, U. Spillmann, M. Steck, M. Thomason, and S. Trotsenko
Beam lifetimes and ionization cross sections of U^(28+)
Phys. Rev. ST AB, 12 :084201 (August 2009)
Beam lifetimes of stored U^(28+) ions with energies between 10 and 180  MeV/u were measured in the heavy ion synchrotron SIS18 and in the experimental storage ring (ESR) of the GSI accelerator facility. By using the internal gas jet target of the ESR, it was possible to obtain projectile ionization cross sections for collisions with H_2 and N_2 from the lifetime data. The experimental cross sections are compared to theoretical data predicted by the n-body classical-trajectory Monte Carlo (CTMC) method of Olson et al. and to calculations of Shevelko et al. using the LOSS-R code. In addition, both theoretical approaches are probed by using the resulting cross sections as input parameters for the STRAHLSIM code, which models the beam losses and, consequently, the lifetimes in the heavy ion synchrotron SIS18. Both the cross section measurement and the SIS18 lifetime study indicate that the LOSS-R code cross sections are in better agreement with the experimental results than the n-body CTMC calculations.
J. Rothhardt, S. Hädrich, T. Gottschall, J. Limpert, A. Tünnermann, M. Rothhardt, M. Becker, S. Brückner, and H. Bartelt
Generation of flattop pump pulses for OPCPA by coherent pulse stacking with fiber Bragg gratings
Opt. Express, 17 :16332 (August 2009)
We present a simple and robust pulse shaping device based on coherent pulse stacking. The device is embedded in a polarisation maintaining step index fiber. An input pulse is sent through a fiber optical circulator. Up to four pulse replicas are reflected by fiber Bragg gratings and interfere at the output. Temperature control allows tuning of the relative pulse phases of the sub-pulses. Additionally fine tuning of the sub-pulse amplitudes is demonstrated. We experimentally generated 235 ps and 416 ps long flattop pulses with rising and falling edges shorter than 100 ps. In contrast to other pulse shaping techniques the presented setup is robust, alignment free, provides excellent beam quality and is also suitable for pulse durations up to several nanoseconds.
A. Steppke, R. Geithner, S. Hechler, R. Nawrodt, R. Neubert, W. Vodel, M. Schwickert, H. Reeg, and P. Seidel
Application of LTS-SQUIDs in Nuclear Measurement Techniques
IEEE Trans. Appl. Supercond., 19 :768 (June 2009)
Low temperature superconducting quantum interference devices (LTS SQUIDs) are used to make precision measurements of electromagnetic fields in applications ranging from biomedicine to high energy physics. We have previously described an LTS SQUID-based device for nuclear physics which employs the Cryogenic Current Comparator principle (CCC). The CCC consists of a high-performance LTS DC SQUID system, a toroidal pick-up coil, and a meander-shaped superconducting niobium shield. Theoretical investigations show that as external noise decreases, improvements in performance depend on the properties of the ferromagnetic core material embedded in the pick-up coil. Here we present the temperature- and frequency-dependence of several candidate ferromagnetic and nanocrystalline materials. We discuss these results in light of the optimization of the CCC sensor performance.