Referierte Publikationen


M. M. Günther, A. V. Volotka, M. Jentschel, S. Fritzsche, T. Stöhlker, P. G. Thirolf, and M. Zepf
Dispersive refraction of different light to heavy materials at MeV γ-ray energies
Phys. Rev. A, 97 :063843 (June 2018)
The dispersive behavior of materials with atomic charge numbers varying from Z=4 (beryllium, Be) to Z=82 (lead, Pb) was investigated experimentally and theoretically at gamma-ray energies up to 2 MeV. The experiment was performed at the double-crystal gamma spectrometer GAMS6 of the Institut Laue-Langevin in Grenoble. The experimental results were compared with theoretical calculations which account for all major elastic processes involved. Overall, we found a good agreement between theory and experiment. We find that, for the development of refractive optics at $\gamma$-ray energies beyond those currently in use, high-Z materials become increasingly attractive compared to the beryllium lens-stacks used at x-ray energies.
G. Tadesse, W. Eschen, R. Klas, V. Hilbert, D. Schelle, A. Nathanael, M. Zilk, M. Steinert, F. Schrempel, T. Pertsch, A. Tünnermann, J. Limpert, and J. Rothhardt
High resolution XUV Fourier transform holography on a table top
Sci. Rep., 8 :8677 (June 2018)
Today, coherent imaging techniques provide the highest resolution in the extreme ultraviolet (XUV) and X-ray regions. Fourier transform holography (FTH) is particularly unique, providing robust and straightforward image reconstruction at the same time. Here, we combine two important advances: First, our experiment is based on a table-top light source which is compact, scalable and highly accessible. Second, we demonstrate the highest resolution ever achieved with FTH at any light source (34 nm) by utilizing a high photon flux source and cutting-edge nanofabrication technology. The performance, versatility and reliability of our approach allows imaging of complex wavelength-scale structures, including wave guiding effects within these structures, and resolving embedded nanoscale features, which are invisible for electron microscopes. Our work represents an important step towards real-world applications and a broad use of XUV imaging in many areas of science and technology. Even nanoscale studies of ultra-fast dynamics are within reach.
R. Popov, A. Bondarev, Y. Kozhedub, I. Maltsev, V. Shabaev, I. Tupitsyn, X. Ma, G. Plunien, and T. Stöhlker
One-center calculations of the electron-positron pair creation in low-energy collisions of heavy bare nuclei
Eur. Phys. J. D, 72 :115 (June 2018)
The probabilities of bound-free electron-positron pair creation are calculated for head-on collisions of bare uranium nuclei beyond the monopole approximation. The calculations are based on the numerical solving of the time-dependent Dirac equation in the target reference frame with multipole expansion of the projectile potential. In addition, the energy dependence of the pair-creation cross section is studied in the monopole approximation.
S. Raeder, D. Ackermann, H. Backe, R. Beerwerth, J. C. Berengut, M. Block, A. Borschevsky, B. Cheal, P. Chhetri, Ch. E. Düllmann, V. A. Dzuba, E. Eliav, J. Even, R. Ferrer, V. V. Flambaum, S. Fritzsche, F. Giacoppo, S. Götz, F. P. Heßberger, M. Huyse, U. Kaldor, O. Kaleja, J. Khuyagbaatar, P. Kunz, M. Laatiaoui, F. Lautenschläger, W. Lauth, A. K. Mistry, E. Minaya Ramirez, W. Nazarewicz, S. G. Porsev, M. S. Safronova, U. I. Safronova, B. Schuetrumpf, P. Van Duppen, T. Walther, C. Wraith, and A. Yakushev
Probing Sizes and Shapes of Nobelium Isotopes by Laser Spectroscopy
Phys. Rev. Lett., 120 :232503 (June 2018)
Until recently, ground-state nuclear moments of the heaviest nuclei could only be inferred from nuclear spectroscopy, where model assumptions are required. Laser spectroscopy in combination with modern atomic structure calculations is now able to probe these moments directly, in a comprehensive and nuclear-model-independent way. Here we report on unique access to the differential mean-square charge radii of 252,253,254No, and therefore to changes in nuclear size and shape. State-of-the-art nuclear density functional calculations describe well the changes in nuclear charge radii in the region of the heavy actinides, indicating an appreciable central depression in the deformed proton density distribution in 252,254No isotopes. Finally, the hyperfine splitting of 253No was evaluated, enabling a complementary measure of its (quadrupole) deformation, as well as an insight into the neutron single-particle wave function via the nuclear spin and magnetic moment.
J. Körner, T. Lühder, J. Reiter, I. Uschmann, H. Marschner, V. Jambunathan, A. Lucianetti, T. Mocek, J. Hein, and M.C. Kaluza
Spectroscopic investigations of thulium doped YAG and YAP crystals between 77 K and 300 K for short-wavelength infrared lasers
J. Lumin., 202 :427 (June 2018)
We present detailed measurements of laser relevant cross sections of thulium doped yttrium-aluminum-garnet (Tm:YAG) and yttrium-aluminum-perovskite (Tm:YAP), including the absorption cross sections for the H63 to H43 transition near 800nm, and the absorption and emission cross sections for the transitions between the H63 and F43 manifolds in the short-wavelength infrared region. For Tm:YAP we present data for all polarization axes. The measurements were carried out at temperatures ranging from 80 K to 300 K. Furthermore, re-absorption free fluorescence lifetimes of the F43 to H63 transition at 77 K, 200 K and 29 5K were obtained using the pinhole method. We observed a significant enhancement of the fluorescence lifetime when cooling from room temperature to 77 K. The lifetime was increased from 9.42 ms to 15.22 ms in Tm:YAG and from 3.81 ms to 4.93 ms in Tm:YAP. This indicates that lifetime quenching is present at room temperature, which can be overcome, at least partially, by cryogenic cooling. These data are presented with the scope to qualify these materials for their use in a new generation of cryogenically cooled, short-wavelength infrared, high-energy class diode pumped solid state lasers utilizing the cross relaxation mechanism for pumping.
P. Micke, S. Kuhn, L. Buchauer, J. R. Harries, T. M. Bücking, K. Blaum, A. Cieluch, A. Egl, D. Hollain, S. Kraemer, T. Pfeifer, P. O. Schmidt, R. X. Schüssler, Ch. Schweiger, T. Stöhlker, S. Sturm, R. N. Wolf, S. Bernitt, and J. R. Crespo López-Urrutia
The Heidelberg compact electron beam ion traps
Rev. Sci. Instrum., 89 :063109 (June 2018)
Electron beam ion traps (EBITs) are ideal tools for both production and study of highly charged ions (HCIs). In order to reduce their construction, maintenance, and operation costs, we have developed a novel, compact, room-temperature design, the Heidelberg Compact EBIT (HC-EBIT). Four already commissioned devices operate at the strongest fields (up to 0.86 T) reported for such EBITs using permanent magnets, run electron beam currents up to 80 mA, and energies up to 10 keV. They demonstrate HCI production, trapping, and extraction of pulsed Ar¹⁶⁺ bunches and continuous 100 pA ion beams of highly charged Xe up to charge state 29+, already with a 4 mA, 2 keV electron beam. Moreover, HC-EBITs offer large solid-angle ports and thus high photon count rates, e.g., in x-ray spectroscopy of dielectronic recombination in HCIs up to Fe²⁴⁺, achieving an electron-energy resolving power of E/ΔE > 1500 at 5 keV. Besides traditional on-axis electron guns, we have also implemented a novel off-axis gun for laser, synchrotron, and free-electron laser applications, offering clear optical access along the trap axis. We report on its first operation at a synchrotron radiation facility demonstrating the resonant photoexcitation of highly charged oxygen.
M. Chemnitz, R. Scheibinger, C. Gaida, M. Gebhardt, F. Stutzki, S. Pumpe, J. Kobelke, A. Tünnermann, J. Limpert, and M. A. Schmidt
Thermodynamic control of soliton dynamics in liquid-core fibers
Optica, 5 :695 (June 2018)
Liquid-core fibers offer local external control over pulse dispersion due to their strong thermodynamic response, offering a new degree of freedom in accurate soliton steering for reconfigurable nonlinear light generation. Here, we show how to accurately control soliton dynamics and supercontinuum generation in carbon disulfide/silica fibers by temperature and pressure tuning, monitored via the spectral location and the onset energy of non-solitonic radiation. Simulations and phase-matching calculations based on an extended thermodynamic dispersion model of carbon disulfide confirm the experimental results, which allows us to demonstrate the potential of temperature detuning of liquid-core fibers for octave spanning recompressible supercontinuum generation in the near-infrared.
J. G. Cubiss, A. E. Barzakh, M. D. Seliverstov, A. N. Andreyev, B. Andel, S. Antalic, P. Ascher, D. Atanasov, D. Beck, J. Bieron, K. Blaum, Ch. Borgmann, M. Breitenfeldt, L. Capponi, T. E. Cocolios, T. Day Goodacre, X. Derkx, H. De Witte, J. Elseviers, D. V. Fedorov, V. N. Fedosseev, S. Fritzsche, L. P. Gaffney, S. George, L. Ghys, F. P. Heßberger, M. Huyse, N. Imai, Z. Kalaninová, D. Kisler, U. Köster, M. Kowalska, S. Kreim, J. F. W. Lane, V. Liberati, D. Lunney, K. M. Lynch, V. Manea, B. A. Marsh, S. Mitsuoka, P. L. Molkanov, Y. Nagame, D. Neidherr, K. Nishio, S. Ota, D. Pauwels, L. Popescu, D. Radulov, E. Rapisarda, J. P. Revill, M. Rosenbusch, R. E. Rossel, S. Rothe, K. Sandhu, L. Schweikhard, S. Sels, V. L. Truesdale, C. Van Beveren, P. Van den Bergh, Y. Wakabayashi, P. Van Duppen, K. D. A. Wendt, F. Wienholtz, B. W. Whitmore, G. L. Wilson, R. N. Wolf, and K. Zuber
Charge radii and electromagnetic moments of ¹⁹⁵⁻²¹¹At
Phys. Rev. C, 97 :054327 (May 2018)
Hyperfine-structure parameters and isotope shifts of 195–211At have been measured for the first time at CERN-ISOLDE, using the in-source resonance-ionization spectroscopy method. The hyperfine structures of isotopes were recorded using a triad of experimental techniques for monitoring the photo-ion current. The Multi-Reflection Time-of-Flight Mass Spectrometer, in connection with a high-resolution electron multiplier, was used as an ion-counting setup for isotopes that either were affected by strong isobaric contamination or possessed a long half-life; the ISOLDE Faraday cups were used for cases with high-intensity beams; and the Windmill decay station was used for short-lived, predominantly α-decaying nuclei. The electromagnetic moments and changes in the mean-square charge radii of the astatine nuclei have been extracted from the measured hyperfine-structure constants and isotope shifts. This was only made possible by dedicated state-of-the-art large-scale atomic computations of the electronic factors and the specific mass shift of atomic transitions in astatine that are needed for these extractions. By comparison with systematics, it was possible to assess the reliability of the results of these calculations and their ascribed uncertainties. A strong deviation in the ground-state mean-square charge radii of the lightest astatine isotopes, from the trend of the (spherical) lead isotopes, is interpreted as the result of an onset of deformation. This behavior bears a resemblance to the deviation observed in the isotonic polonium isotopes. Cases for shape coexistence have been identified in 197,199At, for which a significant difference in the charge radii for ground (9/2−) and isomeric (1/2+) states has been observed.
R. Singh Sidhu, J. Glorius, Yu. A. Litvinov, M. K. Pavićević, M. S. Sanjari, and T. Stöhlker
Electroweak Decays of Highly Charged Ions
EPJ Web Conf., 178 :01003 (May 2018)
In this contribution we review the present status of experimental studies of electroweak decays of highly charged ions. A particular focus will be given on the bound state beta decay measurement of 205Tl.
M. Cerchez, M. Swantusch, M. Toncian, X. M. Zhu, R. Prasad, T. Toncian, Ch. Rödel, O. Jäckel, G.G. Paulus, A. A. Andreev, and O. Willi
Enhanced energy absorption of high intensity laser pulses by targets of modulated surface
Appl. Phys. Lett., 112 :221103 (May 2018)
Investigations of energy transfer of high intensity (I=5x10^19 W/cm2), ultrashort (<30 fs) Ti:Sa laser pulses to solid targets with a randomly rough surface have been performed. We investigated the influence of the target surface morphology on the efficiency of energy transfer of p-polarized laser pulses characterized by a very high contrast. Targets with a roughness r larger than 20% of the laser wavelength proved to absorb a remarkably large fraction of energy reaching up to 70%, almost independent of the incidence angle. Numerical simulations of various interaction conditionsare in agreement with the experimental data and confirm the effect of the target morphology and its surface parameters on the enhanced energy absorbed fraction.
B. Goswami, A. V. Volotka, and S. Fritzsche
Influence of a stray magnetic field on the measurement of long-range spin-spin interaction
J. Phys. Commun., 2 :055025 (May 2018)
We study the influence of an additional uncontrolled (stray) magnetic field upon the measurement of long-range spin-spin interaction strength of two spin-1/2 valence electrons bound in two separate ions at well-defined distances from each other. This stray field, which is neither perpendicular nor parallel to the line connecting two ions, could appear due to the Earth magnetic field, or, due to the slight angular misalignment between the applied magnetic field and the line connecting two ions. It is found that the presence of the stray magnetic field plays an important role in the dynamics of the spin-states of two electrons. If neglected in the analysis, moreover, such a stray field may affect the measurement of the spin-spin interaction strength, especially at smaller inter-spin distances.
A. Kleinschmidt, V. Bagnoud, O. Deppert, A. Favalli, S. Frydrych, J. Hornung, D. Jahn, G. Schaumann, A. Tebartz, F. Wagner, G. Wurden, B. Zielbauer, and M. Roth
Intense, directed neutron beams from a laser-driven neutron source at PHELIX
Phys. Plasmas, 25 :053101 (May 2018)
Laser-driven neutrons are generated by the conversion of laser-accelerated ions via nuclear reactions inside a converter material. We present results from an experimental campaign at the PHELIX laser at GSI in Darmstadt where protons and deuterons were accelerated from thin deuterated plastic foils with thicknesses in the μm and sub-μm range. The neutrons were generated inside a sandwich-type beryllium converter, leading to reproducible neutron numbers around 10^11 neutrons per shot. The angular distribution was measured with a high level of detail using up to 30 bubble detectors simultaneously. It shows a laser forward directed component of up to 1.42 × 10^10 neutrons per steradian, corresponding to a dose of 43 mrem scaled to a distance of 1 m from the converter.
M. Bilal, A. V. Volotka, R. Beerwerth, and S. Fritzsche
Line strengths of QED-sensitive forbidden transitions in B-, Al-, F- and Cl-like ions
Phys. Rev. A, 97 :052506 (May 2018)
The magnetic dipole (M1) line strength between the fine-structure levels of the ground configurations in B-, F-, Al-, and Cl-like ions are calculated for the four elements argon, iron, molybdenum, and tungsten. Systematically enlarged multiconfiguration Dirac-Hartree-Fock (MCDHF) wave functions are employed to account for the interelectronic interaction with the Breit interaction included in first-order perturbation theory. The QED corrections are evaluated to all orders in αZ utilizing an effective potential approach. The calculated line strengths are compared with the results of other theories. The M1 transition rates are reported using accurate energies from the literature. Moreover, the lifetimes in the range of millisecond to picosecond are predicted including the contributions from the transition rate due to the E2 transition channel. The discrepancies of the predicted rates from those available from the literature are discussed and a benchmark data set of theoretical lifetimes is provided to support future experiments.
S. Hendi, B. Panah, S. Panahiyan, and M. Momennia
Magnetic solutions in Einstein-massive gravity with linear and nonlinear fields
Eur. Phys. J. C, 78 :432 (May 2018)
The solutions of U(1) gauge-gravity coupling is one of the interesting models for analyzing the semi-classical nature of spacetime. In this regard, different well-known singular and nonsingular solutions have been taken into account. The paper at hand investigates the geometrical properties of the magnetic solutions by considering Maxwell and power Maxwell invariant (PMI) nonlinear electromagnetic fields in the context of massive gravity. These solutions are free of curvature singularity, but have a conic one which leads to presence of deficit/surplus angle. The emphasize is on modifications that these generalizations impose on deficit angle which determine the total geometrical structure of the solutions, hence, physical/gravitational properties. It will be shown that depending on the background spacetime [being anti de Sitter (AdS) or de Sitter (dS)], these generalizations present different effects and modify the total structure of the solutions differently.
C. Stihler, C. Jauregui, A. Tünnermann, and J. Limpert
Modal energy transfer by thermally induced refractive index gratings in Yb-doped fibers
Light Sci. Appl., 7 :59 (May 2018)
Thermally induced refractive index gratings in Yb-doped fibers lead to transverse mode instability (TMI) above an average power threshold, which represents a severe problem for many applications. To obtain a deeper understanding of TMI, the evolution of the strength of the thermally induced refractive index grating with the average output power in a fiber amplifier is experimentally investigated for the first time. This investigation is performed by introducing a phase shift between the refractive index grating and modal interference pattern, which is obtained by applying a pump power variation to the fiber amplifier. It is demonstrated that the refractive index grating is sufficiently strong to enable modal energy coupling at powers that are significantly below the TMI threshold if the induced phase shift is sufficiently large. The experiments indicate that at higher powers, the refractive index grating becomes more sensitive to such phase shifts, which will ultimately trigger TMI. Furthermore, the experimental results demonstrate beam cleaning above the TMI threshold via the introduction of a positive phase shift. This finding paves the way for the development of a new class of mitigation strategies for TMI that are based on controlling the phase shift between the thermally induced refractive index grating and modal interference pattern.
C. Kohlfürst
Phase-space analysis of the Schwinger effect in inhomogeneous electromagnetic fields
Eur. Phys. J. Plus, 133 :191 (May 2018)
Schwinger pair production in spatially and temporally inhomogeneous electric and magnetic fields is studied. The focus is on the particle phase-space distribution within a high-intensity few-cycle pulse. Accurate numerical solutions of a quantum kinetic theory (DHW formalism) are presented in momentum space and, with the aid of coarse-graining techniques, in a mixed spatial-momentum representation. Additionally, signatures of the carrier-envelope phase as well as spin-field interactions are discussed on the basis of a trajectory-based model taking into account instantaneous pair production and relativistic single-particle dynamics. Although our simple semi-classical single-particle model cannot describe every aspect of the particle production process (quantum interferences), essential features such as spin-field interactions are captured.
M. Vockert, G. Weber, U. Spillmann, T. Krings, and T. Stöhlker
Polarization reconstruction algorithm for a Compton polarimeter
J. Phys.: Conf. Ser., 1024 :012041 (May 2018)
We present the technique of Compton polarimetry using X-ray detectors based on double-sided segmented semiconductor crystals that were developed within the SPARC collaboration. In addition, we discuss the polarization reconstruction algorithm with particular emphasis on systematic deviations between the observed detector response and our model function for the Compton scattering distribution inside the detector.
G. Torgrimsson, C. Schneider, and R. Schützhold
Sauter-Schwinger pair creation dynamically assisted by a plane wave
Phys. Rev. D, 97 :096004 (May 2018)
We study electron-positron pair creation by a strong and constant electric field superimposed with a weaker transversal plane wave which is incident perpendicularly (or under some angle). Comparing the fully nonperturbative approach based on the world-line instanton method with a perturbative expansion into powers of the strength of the weaker plane wave, we find good agreement—provided that the latter is carried out to sufficiently high orders. As usual for the dynamically assisted Sauter-Schwinger effect, the additional plane wave induces an exponential enhancement of the pair-creation probability if the combined Keldysh parameter exceeds a certain threshold.
S. Breitkopf, N. Lilienfein, T. Achtnich, C. Zwyssig, A. Tünnermann, I. Pupeza, and J. Limpert
Velocity- and pointing-error measurements of a 300 000-r/min self-bearing permanent-magnet motor for optical applications
Rev. Sci. Instrum., 89 :063110 (May 2018)
Compact, ultra-high-speed self-bearing permanent-magnet motors enable a wide scope of applications including an increasing number of optical ones. For implementation in an optical setup, the rotors have to satisfy high demands regarding their velocity and pointing errors. Only a restricted number of measurements of these parameters exist and only at relatively low velocities. This manuscript presents the measurement of the velocity and pointing errors at rotation frequencies up to 5 kHz. The acquired data allow us to identify the rotor drive as the main source of velocity variations with fast fluctuations of up to 3.4 ns (RMS) and slow drifts of 23 ns (RMS) over ∼120 revolutions at 5 kHz in vacuum. At the same rotation frequency, the pointing fluctuated by 12 μrad (RMS) and 33 μrad (peak-to-peak) over ∼10 000 round trips. To our best knowledge, this states the first measurement of velocity and pointing errors at multi-kHz rotation frequencies and will allow potential adopters to evaluate the feasibility of such rotor drives for their application.
Y. Hua, W. Liu, M. Hemmer, L. E. Zapata, G. Zhou, D. N. Schimpf, T. Eidam, J. Limpert, A. Tünnermann, F. X. Kärtner, and G. Chang
87-W 1018-nm Yb-fiber ultrafast seeding source for cryogenic Yb: yttrium lithium fluoride amplifier
Opt. Lett., 43 :1686 (April 2018)
We demonstrate a compact and robust Yb-fiber master-oscillator power-amplifier system operating at 1018 nm with 2.5-nm bandwidth and 1-ns stretched pulse duration. It produces 87-W average power and 4.9-µJ pulse energy, constituting a powerful seed source for cryogenically cooled ultrafast Yb: yttrium lithium fluoride (Yb:YLF) amplifiers.
V. A. Zaytsev, A. S. Surzhykov, V. M. Shabaev, and T. Stöhlker
Analysis of angular momentum properties of photons emitted in fundamental atomic processes
Phys. Rev. A, 97 :043808 (April 2018)
Many atomic processes result in the emission of photons. Analysis of the properties of emitted photons, such as energy and angular distribution as well as polarization, is regarded as a powerful tool for gaining more insight into the physics of corresponding processes. Another characteristic of light is the projection of its angular momentum upon propagation direction. This property has attracted a special attention over the past decades due to studies of twisted (or vortex) light beams. Measurements being sensitive to this projection may provide valuable information about the role of angular momentum in the fundamental atomic processes. Here we describe a simple theoretical method for determination of the angular momentum properties of the photons emitted in various atomic processes. This method is based on the evaluation of expectation value of the total angular momentum projection operator. To illustrate the method, we apply it to the textbook examples of plane-wave, spherical-wave, and Bessel light. Moreover, we investigate the projection of angular momentum for the photons emitted in the process of the radiative recombination with ionic targets. It is found that the recombination photons do carry a nonzero projection of the orbital angular momentum.
A. Klenke, M. Müller, H. Stark, F. Stutzki, C. Hupel, T. Schreiber, A. Tünnermann, and J. Limpert
Coherently combined 16-channel multicore fiber laser system
Opt. Lett., 43 :1519 (April 2018)
We present a coherently combined laser amplifier with 16 channels from a multicore fiber in a proof-of-principle demonstration. Filled-aperture beam splitting and combination, together with temporal phasing, is realized in a compact and low-component-count setup. Combined average power of up to 70 W with 40 ps pulses is achieved with combination efficiencies around 80%.
H. Gies, and R. Martini
Curvature bound from gravitational catalysis
Phys. Rev. D, 97 :085017 (April 2018)
We determine bounds on the curvature of local patches of spacetime from the requirement of intact long-range chiral symmetry. The bounds arise from a scale-dependent analysis of gravitational catalysis and its influence on the effective potential for the chiral order parameter, as induced by fermionic fluctuations on a curved spacetime with local hyperbolic properties. The bound is expressed in terms of the local curvature scalar measured in units of a gauge-invariant coarse-graining scale. We argue that any effective field theory of quantum gravity obeying this curvature bound is safe from chiral symmetry breaking through gravitational catalysis and thus compatible with the simultaneous existence of chiral fermions in the low-energy spectrum. With increasing number of dimensions, the curvature bound in terms of the hyperbolic scale parameter becomes stronger. Applying the curvature bound to the asymptotic safety scenario for quantum gravity in four spacetime dimensions translates into bounds on the matter content of particle physics models.
A. S. Varentsova, V. A. Agababaev, D. A. Glazov, A. M. Volchkova, A. V. Volotka, V. M. Shabaev, and G. Plunien
Interelectronic-interaction contribution to the nonlinear Zeeman effect in boronlike ions
Phys. Rev. A, 97 :043402 (April 2018)
Relativistic calculations of the second- and third-order contributions in magnetic field to the Zeeman splitting in boronlike ions are presented for the wide range of nuclear charge numbers Z=6−92. The interelectronic-interaction correction of the first order in 1/Z is evaluated to all orders in αZ. The higher order corrections in 1/Z are taken into account approximately by means of effective screening potentials. The obtained results are important for interpretation of experimental data on the Zeeman splitting in boronlike ions, in particular, for the ARTEMIS experiment presently implemented at GSI.
L. J. Vormawah, M. Vilén, R. Beerwerth, P. Campbell, B. Cheal, A. Dicker, T. Eronen, S. Fritzsche, S. Geldhof, A. Jokinen, S. Kelly, I. D. Moore, M. Reponen, S. Rinta-Antila, S. O. Stock, and A. Voss
Isotope shifts from collinear laser spectroscopy of doubly charged yttrium isotopes
Phys. Rev. A, 97 :042504 (April 2018)
Collinear laser spectroscopy has been performed on doubly charged ions of radioactive yttrium in order to study the isotope shifts of the 294.6-nm 5s2S1/2→5p2P1/2 line. The potential of such an alkali-metal-like transition to improve the reliability of atomic-field-shift and mass-shift factor calculations, and hence the extraction of nuclear mean-square radii, is discussed. Production of yttrium ion beams for such studies is available at the IGISOL IV Accelerator Laboratory, Jyväskylä, Finland. This newly recommissioned facility is described here in relation to the on-line study of accelerator-produced short-lived isotopes using collinear laser spectroscopy and application of the technique to doubly charged ions.