Peer-Review Publications


J. W. Wang, W. Yu, M. Y. Yu, H. Xu, J. J. Ju, S. X. Luan, M. Murakami, M. Zepf, and S. Rykovanov
High-energy-density electron beam from interaction of two successive laser pulses with subcritical-density plasma
Phys. Rev. Accel. Beams, 19 :021301 (February 2016)
It is shown by particle-in-cell simulations that a narrow electron beam with high energy and charge density can be generated in a subcritical-density plasma by two consecutive laser pulses. Although the first laser pulse dissipates rapidly, the second pulse can propagate for a long distance in the thin wake channel created by the first pulse and can further accelerate the preaccelerated electrons therein. Given that the second pulse also self-focuses, the resulting electron beam has a narrow waist and high charge and energy densities. Such beams are useful for enhancing the target-back space-charge field in target normal sheath acceleration of ions and bremsstrahlung sources, among others.
A. V. Volotka, V. A. Yerokhin, A. Surzhykov, T. Stöhlker, and S. Fritzsche
Many-electron effects on x-ray Rayleigh scattering by highly charged He-like ions
Phys. Rev. A, 93 :023418 (February 2016)
The Rayleigh scattering of x rays by many-electron highly charged ions is studied theoretically. The many-electron perturbation theory, based on a rigorous quantum electrodynamics approach, is developed and implemented for the case of the elastic scattering of (high-energetic) photons by heliumlike ions. Using this elaborate approach, we here investigate the many-electron effects beyond the independent-particle approximation (IPA) as conventionally employed for describing the Rayleigh scattering. The total and angle-differential cross sections are evaluated for the x-ray scattering by heliumlike Ni^26+, Xe^52+, and Au^77+ ions in their ground state. The obtained results show that, for high-energetic photons, the effects beyond the IPA do not exceed 2% for the scattering by a closed K shell.
S. Fuchs, C. Rödel, A. Blinne, U. Zastrau, M. Wünsche, V. Hilbert, L. Glaser, J. Viefhaus, E. Frumker, P. Corkum, E. Förster, and G.G. Paulus
Nanometer resolution optical coherence tomography using broad bandwidth XUV and soft x-ray radiation
Sci. Rep., 6 :20658 (February 2016)
Optical coherence tomography (OCT) is a non-invasive technique for cross-sectional imaging. It is particularly advantageous for applications where conventional microscopy is not able to image deeper layers of samples in a reasonable time, e.g. in fast moving, deeper lying structures. However, at infrared and optical wavelengths, which are commonly used, the axial resolution of OCT is limited to about 1 μm, even if the bandwidth of the light covers a wide spectral range. Here, we present extreme ultraviolet coherence tomography (XCT) and thus introduce a new technique for non-invasive cross-sectional imaging of nanometer structures. XCT exploits the nanometerscale coherence lengths corresponding to the spectral transmission windows of, e.g., silicon samples. The axial resolution of coherence tomography is thus improved from micrometers to a few nanometers. Tomographic imaging with an axial resolution better than 18 nm is demonstrated for layer-type nanostructures buried in a silicon substrate. Using wavelengths in the water transmission window, nanometer-scale layers of platinum are retrieved with a resolution better than 8 nm. XCT as a nondestructive method for sub-surface tomographic imaging holds promise for several applications in semiconductor metrology and imaging in the water window.
B. Dromey, M. Coughlan, L. Senje, M. Taylor, S. Kuschel, B. Villagomez-Bernabe, R. Stefanuik, G. Nersisyan, L. Stella, J. Kohanoff, M. Borghesi, F. Currell, D. Riley, D. Jung, C.-G. Wahlström, C. L. S. Lewis, and M. Zepf
Picosecond metrology of laser-driven proton bursts
Nat. Commun., 7 :10642 (February 2016)
Tracking primary radiation-induced processes in matter requires ultrafast sources and high precision timing. While compact laser-driven ion accelerators are seeding the development of novel high instantaneous flux applications, combining the ultrashort ion and laser pulse durations with their inherent synchronicity to trace the real-time evolution of initial damage events has yet to be realized. Here we report on the absolute measurement of proton bursts as short as 3.5±0.7 ps from laser solid target interactions for this purpose. Our results verify that laser-driven ion acceleration can deliver interaction times over a factor of hundred shorter than those of state-of-the-art accelerators optimized for high instantaneous flux. Furthermore, these observations draw ion interaction physics into the field of ultrafast science, opening the opportunity for quantitative comparison with both numerical modelling and the adjacent fields of ultrafast electron and photon interactions in matter.
T. Nousch, D. Seipt, B. Kämpfer, and A. I. Titov
Spectral caustics in laser assisted Breit–Wheeler process
Phys. Lett. B, 755 :162 (February 2016)
Electron–positron pair production by the Breit–Wheeler process embedded in a strong laser pulse is analyzed. The transverse momentum spectrum displays prominent peaks which are interpreted as caustics, the positions of which are accessible by the stationary phases. Examples are given for the superposition of an XFEL beam with an optical high-intensity laser beam. Such a configuration is available, e.g., at LCLS at present and at European XFEL in near future. It requires a counter propagating probe photon beam with high energy which can be generated by synchronized inverse Compton backscattering.
S. Cousens, B. Reville, B. Dromey, and M. Zepf
Temporal Structure of Attosecond Pulses from Laser-Driven Coherent Synchrotron Emission
Phys. Rev. Lett., 116 :083901 (February 2016)
The microscopic dynamics of laser-driven coherent synchrotron emission transmitted through thin foils are investigated using particle-in-cell simulations. For normal incidence interactions, we identify the formation of two distinct electron nanobunches from which emission takes place each half-cycle of the driving laser pulse. These emissions are separated temporally by 130 as and are dominant in different frequency ranges, which is a direct consequence of the distinct characteristics of each electron nanobunch. This may be exploited through spectral filtering to isolate these emissions, generating electromagnetic pulses of duration ~70 as.
M. Schäfer, I. Huet, and H. Gies
Worldline numerics for energy-momentum tensors in Casimir geometries
J. Phys. A, 49 :135402 (February 2016)
We develop the worldline formalism for computations of composite operators such as the fluctuation induced energy-momentum tensor. As an example, we use a fluctuating real scalar field subject to Dirichlet boundary conditions. The resulting worldline representation can be evaluated by worldline Monte-Carlo methods in continuous spacetime. We benchmark this worldline numerical algorithm with the aid of analytically accessible single-plate and parallel-plate Casimir configurations, providing a detailed analysis of statistical and systematic errors. The method generalizes straightforwardly to arbitrary Casimir geometries and general background potentials.
A. Blinne, and E. Strobel
Comparison of semiclassical and Wigner function methods in pair production in rotating fields
Phys. Rev. D, 93 :025014 (January 2016)
We present a comparison of two methods to compute the momentum spectrum and the Schwinger pair creation rate for pulsed rotating electric fields: a numerical method based upon the real-time Dirac-Heisenberg-Wigner formalism and a semiclassical approximation based on a scattering ansatz. For the semiclassical method we propose to either perform numerical calculations or an additional approximation based on an analytical solution for the constant rotating field. We find that the two numerical methods are complementary with respect to computation time as well as accuracy. The approximate method shows the same qualitative features while being computationally much faster. We additionally find that the unequal production of pairs in different spin states reported for constant rotating fields with the scattering method is in agreement with the Wigner function method.
J. Braun, F. Karbstein, S. Rechenberger, and D. Roscher
Crystalline ground states in Polyakov-loop extended Nambu-Jona-Lasinio models
Phys. Rev. D, 93 :014032 (January 2016)
Nambu–Jona-Lasinio-type models have been used extensively to study the dynamics of the theory of the strong interaction at finite temperature and quark chemical potential on a phenomenological level. In addition to these studies, which are often performed under the assumption that the ground state of the theory is homogeneous, searches for the existence of crystalline phases associated with inhomogeneous ground states have attracted a lot of interest in recent years. In this work, we study the Polyakov-loop extended Nambu–Jona-Lasinio model using two prominent parametrizations and find that the existence of a crystalline phase is stable against a variation of the parametrization of the underlying Polyakov loop potential.
S. G. Podorov, and E. Förster
Direct inversion of digital 3D Fraunhofer holography maps
Appl. Opt., 55 :A150 (January 2016)
Differential Fourier holography (DFH) gives an exact mathematical solution of the inverse problem of diffraction in the Fraunhofer regime. After the first publication \[Opt. Express15, 9954 (2007)OPEXFF1094-408710.1364/OE.15.009954\], DFH was successfully applied in many experiments to obtain amplitude and phase information about two-dimensional images. In this paper, we demonstrate numerically the possibility to apply DFH also for investigation of unknown three-dimensional objects. The first simulation is made for a double-spiral structure plus a line as a reference object.
I. C. E. Turcu, F. Negoita, D. A. Jaroszynski, P. McKenna, S. Balascuta, D. Ursescu, I. Dancus, M. O. Cernaianu, M. V. Tataru, P. Ghenuche, D. Stutman, A. Boianu, M. Risca, M. Toma, C. Petcu, G. Acbas, S. R. Yoffe, A. Noble, B. Ersfeld, E. Brunetti, R. Capdessus, C. Murphy, C. P. Ridgers, D. Neely, S. P. D. Mangles, R. J. Gray, A. G. R. Thomas, J. G. Kirk, A. Ilderton, M. Marklund, D. F. Gordon, B. Hafizi, D. Kaganovich, J. P. Palastro, E. D'Humieres, M. Zepf, G. Sarri, H. Gies, F. Karbstein, J. Schreiber, G.G. Paulus, B. Dromey, C. Harvey, A. Di Piazza, C. H. Keitel, M.C. Kaluza, S. Gales, and N. V. Zamfir
High Field Physics and QED Experiments at ELI-NP
Rom. Rep. Phys., 68 :S145 (January 2016)
ELI-NP facility will enable for the first time the use of two 10 PW laser beams for quantum electrodynamics (QED) experiments. The first beam will accelerate electrons to relativistic energies. The second beam will subject relativistic electrons to the strong electromagnetic field generating QED processes: intense gamma ray radiation and electron-positron pair formation. The laser beams will be focused to intensities above 10^21 W/cm^2 and reaching 10^22–10^23 W/cm^2 for the first time. We propose to use this capability to investigate new physical phenomena at the interfaces of plasma, nuclear and particle physics at ELI-NP. This High Power Laser System Technical Design Report (HPLS-TDR2) presents the experimental area E6 at ELI-NP for investigating high field physics and quantum electrodynamics and the production of electron-positron-pairs and of energetic gamma-rays. The scientific community submitted 12 commissioning runs for E6 interaction chamber with two 10 PW laser beams and one proposal for the CETAL interaction chamber with 1 PW laser. The proposals are representative of the international high field physics community being written by 48 authors from 14 European and US organizations. The proposals are classified according to the science area investigated into: Radiation Reaction Physics: Classical and Quantum; Compton and Thomson Scattering Physics: Linear and Non Linear Regimes; QED in Vacuum; Atoms in Extreme Fields. Two pump-probe colliding 10 PW laser beams are proposed for the E6 interaction chamber. The focused pump laser beam accelerates the electrons to relativistic energies. The accelerated electron bunches interact with the very high electro-magnetic field of the focused probe laser beam. We propose two main types of experiments with: (a) gas targets in which the pump laser-beam is focused by a long focal length mirror and drives a wakefield in which the electron bunch is accelerated to multi-GeV energies and then exposed to the EM field of the probe laser which is tightly focused; (b) solid targets in which both the pump and probe laser beams are focused on the solid target, one accelerating the electrons in the solid and the other, delayed, providing the high electric field to which the relativistic electrons are subjected. We propose four main focusing configurations for the pump and probe laser beams, two for each type of target: counter-propagating 10 PW focused laser beams and the two 10 PW laser beams focused in the same direction. For solid targets we propose an additional configuration with plasma-mirror on the pump laser beam: the plasma mirror placed between the focusing mirror and target. It is proposed that the 10 PW laser beams will have polarization control and focus control by means of adaptive optics. Initially only one 10 PW may have polarization control and adaptive optics. In order to accommodate the two laser beams and diagnostics the proposed interaction chamber is quasi-octagonal with a diameter of 4.5 m. A large electron-spectrometer is proposed for multi-GeV electrons. Other diagnostics are requested for: gamma-rays, electrons and positrons, protons and ions, plasma characterization, transmitted and reflected laser beam. Targets will be provided by the ELI-NP Target Laboratory or purchased. The E6 experiments and diagnostics will benefit from the ELI-NP Electronics Laboratory, the Workshop and the Optics Laboratory. In order to ensure radiation-protection, a large beam-dump is planned for both multi-GeV electrons and multi-100 MeV protons.
D. Davydova, A. de la Cadena, S. Demmler, J. Rothhardt, J. Limpert, T. Pascher, D. Akimov, and B. Dietzek
Ultrafast transient absorption microscopy: Study of excited state dynamics in PtOEP crystals
J. Chem. Phys., 464 :69 (January 2016)
We report a novel transient absorption microscope based on a tailor-made femtosecond fiber laser system operating at 250 kHz. The setup is applied to study PtOEP crystals embedded in a PBMA polymer matrix by analyzing the excited state dynamics in specific points of the sample as well as by spatially resolved excited state dynamics of the crystals. The results reveal the impact of the distortions of the crystal lattice, such as microcracks or amorphous regions caused by non-thermal melting on a lifetime of the excited triplet states of PtOEP crystals. Although transient absorption studies without any spatial resolution of PtOEP in solution and thin films were reported before, the study of spatially resolved excited state dynamics of micrometer-sized PtOEP crystals is performed for the first time to the best of our knowledge.


D. Doria, S. Kar, H. Ahmed, A. Alejo, J. Fernandez, M. Cerchez, R. J. Gray, F. Hanton, D. A. MacLellan, P. McKenna, Z. Najmudin, D. Neely, L. Romagnani, J. A. Ruiz, G. Sarri, C. Scullion, M. Streeter, M. Swantusch, O. Willi, M. Zepf, and M. Borghesi
Calibration of BAS-TR image plate response to high energy (3-300 MeV) carbon ions
Rev. Sci. Instrum., 86 :123302 (December 2015)
The paper presents the calibration of Fuji BAS-TR image plate (IP) response to high energy carbon ions of different charge states by employing an intense laser-driven ion source, which allowed access to carbon energies up to 270 MeV. The calibration method consists of employing a Thomson parabola spectrometer to separate and spectrally resolve different ion species, and a slotted CR-39 solid state detector overlayed onto an image plate for an absolute calibration of the IP signal. An empirical response function was obtained which can be reasonably extrapolated to higher ion energies. The experimental data also show that the IP response is independent of ion charge states.
E. Eliav, S. Fritzsche, and U. Kaldor
Electronic structure theory of the superheavy elements
Nucl. Phys. A, 944 :518 (December 2015)
High-accuracy calculations of atomic properties of the superheavy elements (SHE) up to element 122 are reviewed. The properties discussed include ionization potentials, electron affinities and excitation energies, which are associated with the spectroscopic and chemical behavior of these elements, and are therefore of considerable interest. Accurate predictions of these quantities require high-order inclusion of relativity and electron correlation, as well as large, converged basis sets. The Dirac–Coulomb–Breit Hamiltonian, which includes all terms up to second order in the fine-structure constant a, serves as the framework for the treatment; higher-order Lamb shift terms are considered in some selected cases. Electron correlation is treated by either the multiconfiguration self-consistent-field approach or by Fock-space coupled cluster theory. The latter is enhanced by the intermediate Hamiltonian scheme, allowing the use of larger model (P) spaces. The quality of the calculations is assessed by applying the same methods to lighter homologs of the SHEs and comparing with available experimental information. Very good agreement is obtained, within a few hundredths of an eV, and similar accuracy is expected for the SHEs. Many of the properties predicted for the SHEs differ significantly from what may be expected by straightforward extrapolation of lighter homologs, demonstrating that the structure and chemistry of SHEs are strongly affected by relativity. The major scientific challenge of the calculations is to find the electronic structure and basic atomic properties of the SHE and assign its proper place in the periodic table. Significant recent developments include joint experimental–computational studies of the excitation spectrum of Fm and the ionization energy of Lr, with excellent agreement of experiment and theory, auguring well for the future of research in the field.
M. Hornung, G. Becker, A. Seidel, J. Reislöhner, H. Liebetrau, L. Bock, S. Keppler, A. Kessler, M. Zepf, J. Hein, and M. Kaluza
Generation of 25-TW Femtosecond Laser Pulses at 515 nm with Extremely High Temporal Contrast
Appl. Sci., 5 :1970 (December 2015)
We report on the frequency doubling of femtosecond laser pulses at 1030 nm center wavelength generated from the fully diode-pumped laser system POLARIS. The newly generated pulses at a center wavelength of 515 nm have a pulse energy of 3 J with a pulse duration of 120 fs. On the basis of initially ultra-high contrast seed pulses we expect a temporal intensity contrast better 10^17 200 ps before the peak of the main pulse. We analyzed the temporal intensity contrast from milliseconds to femtoseconds with a dynamic range covering more than 20 orders of magnitude. The pulses were focussed with a f/2-focussing parabola resulting in a peak intensity exceeding 10^20 W/cm2. The peak power and intensity are to the best of our knowledge the highest values for 515 nm-laser-pulses achieved so far.
O. Kovtun, V. Tioukine, A. Surzhykov, V. Yerokhin, B. Cederwall, and S. Tashenov
Spin-orbit interaction in bremsstrahlung and its effect on the electron motion in a strong Coulomb field
Phys. Rev. A, 92 :062707 (December 2015)
Linear polarization of bremsstrahlung x rays produced in collisions of longitudinally polarized 2.1-MeV electrons with gold atoms was studied using the Compton scattering technique. We observed that the angle of x-ray polarization is strongly correlated with the incoming electron polarization. This correlation reveals the dominance of the spin-orbit interaction in bremsstrahlung and indicates a striking effect of the electron spin on the electron motion in a strong Coulomb field. The results confirm the validity of the theoretical predictions in a computationally challenging energy regime.
J. Körner, J. Reiter, J. Hein, and M. Kaluza
Temporal Shaping of High Peak Power Pulse Trains from a Burst-Mode Laser System
Appl. Sci., 5 :1790 (December 2015)
It has been shown in the past that pulsed laser systems operating in the so-called “burst mode” are a beneficial approach to generate high peak power laser pulses at high repetition rates suitable for various applications. So far, most high-energy burst-mode laser systems put great effort into generating a homogeneous energy distribution across the burst duration, e.g., by shaping the pump pulse. In this work, we present a new shaping technique, which is able to produce arbitrary energy distributions within the burst by pre-shaping the seed pulse burst with a Pockels cell. Furthermore, this technique allows for the precompensation of any static modulations across the burst, which may be introduced during the subsequent amplification process. Therefore, a pulse burst with a uniform energy distribution can also be generated. The method is tested with an ultra-short pulse burst mode laser amplifier system producing bursts of a 1 ms duration with a pulse repetition rate of 1 MHz and a maximum output power of 800 W during the burst. Furthermore, a method to predict the influence of the amplifier on a non-uniformly shaped burst is presented and successfully tested to produce a pre-defined pulse shape after amplification.
C. Trageser, C. Brandau, C. Kozhuharov, Y. A. Litvinov, A. Müller, F. Nolden, S. Sanjari, and T. Stöhlker
A new data acquisition system for Schottky signals in atomic physics experiments at GSI's and FAIR's storage rings
Phys. Scripta, 2015 :014062 (November 2015)
A new continuous and broadband data acquisition system for measurements of Schottky-signals of ions revolving in a storage ring has been implemented. This set-up is capable of recording the radio frequency (RF) signal of the ions that circulate in the storage ring with a sustained acquisition rate of more than 3.5×10⁷ IQ-samples per second. This allows several harmonics of the full momentum acceptance of a storage ring to be measured at the same time. The RF signal analyzer modules are complemented by further electronic modules such as counters, precision clocks and synchronization modules that facilitate a seamless integration with main experimental data acquisitions for atomic and nuclear physics. In this contribution, the setup and first results from a test run at the experimental storage ring at GSI, Darmstadt, Germany, are presented.
R. Geithner, F. Kurian, H. Reeg, M. Schwickert, R. Neubert, P. Seidel, and T. Stöhlker
A squid-based beam current monitor for FAIR/CRYRING
Phys. Scripta, 2015 :014057 (November 2015)
A SQUID-based beam current monitor was developed for the upcoming FAIR-Project, providing a non-destructive online monitoring of the beam currents in the nA-range. The cryogenic current comparator (CCC) was optimized for lowest possible noise-limited current resolution together with a high system bandwidth. This CCC is foreseen to be installed in the CRYRING facility, working as a test bench for FAIR. In this contribution we present results of the completed CCC for FAIR/CRYRING and also arrangements that have been done for the installation of the CCC at CRYRING, regarding the cryostat design.
A. Gumberidze, T. Stöhlker, and Y. Litvinov
Atomic physics at the future facility for antiproton and ion research: status report 2014
Phys. Scripta, 2015 :014076 (November 2015)
In this contribution, a brief overview of the Stored Particle Atomic physics Research Collaboration scientific program at the upcoming Facility for Antiproton and Ion Research (FAIR) is given. The program comprises a very broad range of research topics addressing atomic structure and dynamics in hitherto unexplored regimes, light–matter interactions, lepton pair production phenomena, precision tests of quantum electrodynamics and standard model in the regime of extreme fields and many more. We also present the current strategy for the realization of the envisioned physics program within the modularized start version (MSV) of FAIR.
T. Stöhlker, and Y. A. Litvinov
Atomic physics experiments at the high energy storage ring
Phys. Scripta, 2015 :014025 (November 2015)
Facility for Antiproton and Ion Research (FAIR), will offer unprecedented experimental opportunities. The Stored Particles Atomic Research Collaboration (SPARC) at FAIR aims at creating a worldwide unique research program with highly charged ions by utilizing storage ring and trapping facilities. The foreseen experiments will address physics at strong, ultra-short electromagnetic fields including the fundamental interactions between electrons and heavy nuclei as well as the experiments at the border between nuclear and atomic physics. In view of the staged construction of the FAIR facility, SPARC worked out an early realization scheme for experiments with highly-charged heavy-ions at relativistic energies to be conducted in the High-Energy Storage Ring.
S. Tashenov, D. Banaś, H. Beyer, C. Brandau, S. Fritzsche, A. Gumberidze, S. Hagmann, P.-M. Hillenbrand, H. Jörg, I. Kojouharov, C. Kozhuharov, M. Lestinsky, Y. A. Litvinov, A. V. Maiorova, H. Schaffner, V. M. Shabaev, U. Spillmann, T. Stöhlker, A. Surzhykov, and S. Trotsenko
Coherent population of magnetic sublevels of 2p₃/₂ state in hydrogenlike uranium by radiative recombination
Phys. Scripta, 2015 :014027 (November 2015)
The x-rays emitted in the process of radiative recombination (RR) of quasi-free electrons into 2p₃/₂ excited state of hydrogenlike uranium ion were studied experimentally. Both the RR x-ray and the subsequently emitted Lyα₁ x-ray were detected in time-coincidences. The angular distribution of the Lyα₁ x-rays varied as a function of the RR x-ray emission direction. This observation revealed the coherent population of magnetic sublevels of the 2p₃/₂ state in the hydrogenlike uranium ion.
M. S. Sanjari, X. Chen, P. Hülsmann, Y. A. Litvinov, F. Nolden, J. Piotrowski, M. Steck, and T. Stöhlker
Conceptual design of elliptical cavities for intensity and position sensitive beam measurements in storage rings
Phys. Scripta, 2015 :014060 (November 2015)
Position sensitive beam monitors are indispensable for the beam diagnostics in storage rings. Apart from their applications in the measurements of beam parameters, they can be used in non-destructive in-ring decay studies of radioactive ion beams as well as enhancing precision in the isochronous mass measurement technique. In this work, we introduce a novel approach based on cavities with elliptical cross-section, in order to compensate the limitations of known designs for the application in ion storage rings. The design is aimed primarily for future heavy ion storage rings of the FAIR project. The conceptual design is discussed together with simulation results.
R. Müller, D. Seipt, S. Fritzsche, and A. Surzhykov
Effect of bound-state dressing in laser-assisted radiative recombination
Phys. Rev. A, 92 :053426 (November 2015)
We present a theoretical study on the recombination of a free electron into the ground state of a hydrogenlike ion in the presence of an external laser field. Emphasis is placed on the effects caused by the laser dressing of the residual ionic bound state. To investigate how this dressing affects the total and angle-differential cross section of laser-assisted radiative recombination (LARR) we apply first-order perturbation theory and the separable Coulomb-Volkov continuum ansatz. Using this approach, detailed calculations are performed for low-Z hydrogenlike ions and laser intensities in the range from I_L=10^12 to 10^13W/cm2. It is seen that the total cross section as a function of the laser intensity is remarkably affected by the bound-state dressing. Moreover, the laser dressing becomes manifest as asymmetries in the angular distribution and the (energy) spectrum of the emitted recombination photons.
P.-M. Hillenbrand, S. Hagmann, K. E. Stiebing, S. Schippers, Y. A. Litvinov, and T. Stöhlker
Experimental concepts of positron spectroscopy at HESR
Phys. Scripta, 2015 :014026 (November 2015)
In this paper we discuss the unique possibilities of studying atomic electron–positron pair production processes in high-resolution experiments at the high-energy storage ring (HESR) at the future FAIR accelerator complex. The two pair-production processes bound-free pair production and negative-continuum dielectronic recombination are contrasted. An overview of previous studies is given and requirements for experimental parameters of a magnetic forward-angle positron spectrometer at the HESR are depicted.