Abstract: A detector setup for registering ion species between the poles of a dipole magnet at CRYRING@ESR has been developed. It is based on a scintillator delivering light via a quartz light guide onto a semiconductor photomultiplier. The detector is capable of operating in a strong magnetic field. It can be swiftly retracted from the exposition area during the beam injection into the ring and repositioned back for the measurement cycle to avoid unnecessary exposition and, thus, to increase the scintillator life time.
Abstract: A detector based on the scintillator material YAP:Ce and capable of counting single ions is presented. The detector consists of a YAP:Ce crystal and a light guide operating in ultra high vacuum and a conventional photomultiplier outside the vacuum. The crystal demonstrated the necessary radiation hardness against heavy ion irradiation. The detector has been commissioned at CRYRING@ESR and its detection capabilities have been confirmed with beam from the local source.
Abstract: With the unprecedented range of ion species and energies offered by the newly commissioned CRYRING facility, the availability of single ion detectors is of significant importance as part of standard instrumentation as well as for novel experiments. A detector system was constructed on the basis of the YAP:Ce crystal scintillator, which is at once radiation‐hard, fast, and affordable. Results of a characterization experiment confirmed the feasibility of the setup for incident ion rates on the order of MHz and found a critical fluence of some 10¹³ cm⁻² upon which the crystal is rendered locally blind to further ion irradiation. The device was first used in CRYRING commissioning runs in August and November 2018. Future efforts will complete the integration of the detector into the GSI control and data acquisition system MBS.
Abstract: We demonstrate a low-noise carrier-envelope-offset frequency stabilized all-PM Yb:fiber oscillator. Two different stabilization methods lead to sub 200 mrad integrated fo phase noise (10 Hz to 1 MHz), suitable for comb spectroscopy applications.
Friedrich-Schiller-Universität Jena, Physikalisch-Astronomische Fakultät (2017)
Abstract: This thesis describes the development of a particle counter based on a Cerium activated yttrium aluminium perovskite (YAP:Ce) scintillator. The detector is designed for charge exchange experiments at the ion storage ring CRYRING at the GSI Helmholtz Zentrum für Schwerionenforschung in Darmstadt. It will be used for charge exchange experiments. The suggested detector design was tailored for the requirements set by the desired ultra-high vacuum conditions of up to 1E-12 mbar at CRYRING in combination with a high radiation hardness against ion irradiation. The design was kept as simple as possible, offering an easy exchange of the scintillator (not limited to YAP:Ce) if necessary.
For an estimation of the detector lifetime the radiation hardness was systematically investigated for hydrogen, oxygen and iodine irradiation in the energy regime of 1–10 MeV. The measurement took place at the JULIA tandem accelerator operated by the Institute of Solid State Physics at the University of Jena. As the measurement of detector degradation the light yield was used. Values determined for the critical ﬂuence, defined as ﬂuence at half the initial light yield, varied from 1E15/cm2 in the case of hydrogen down to 1.7E12/cm2 for iodine irradiation.
Prior to the hardness investigation, the used photomultiplier tube (PMT) was tested for temporal drifts of the output signal and whether the signal depends on the position of illumination on the sensitive surface. To the limit of the experimental uncertainties, no such dependencies could be observed. It was concluded that the investigated PMT was well suited for the use in the experiment as well as in the particle counter.